Cold War Timeline

social study 11


United Nations created

June 1945

The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter.

Soviet spy defects to Canada

September 1945

Soviet spy Igor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada

United Stated, Canada and Western Country form NATO


NATO – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense alliance, because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies.

Korea War

25 June 1950 - 27 July 1953

Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported

Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations


Suez, Egypt

Oct 10, 1956 - Nov 6, 1956

First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war.

Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Prize.


the Avro Arrow project is canceled


Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project. It's a Liberal initiated project, It was at the forefront for technology at the time

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 14, 1962 - October 28, 1962

The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war.

U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus


Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus

Vietnam War

1965 - 1973

Canadian businesses sold boots, airplane engines, and explosive to the US defense department

Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China

10 December 1970

Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China rather than Taiwan

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission.


USSR invades Afghanistan


Berlin Wall comes down

9 November 1989

Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the west Germany won, German back to be an independent country

Gulf War

August 2, 1990 - February 28, 1991

Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the against Iraq. This action was Peacekeeper.

Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.




arnish Canada’s Peacekeeping reputation

Bosnia and Croatia

April 6th, 1992 - Dec. 14th, 1995

Civil war and chaos in Haiti

1993 - 1997

Canada sends soldiers and later police.

the disaster in Rwanda

1994 - 1995

Rwanda people massacre millions of people, just for want more lands for their country