Holocaust

The Holocaust was a genocide that started Janurary 30, 1933 to May 8, 1945 that consisted of Adolf Hilter's Nazi Germany force that killed about six million Jews.

Events

Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany

January 30, 1933

Jewish population was 566,000

SA and SS men are sworn in as auxiliary police.

February 22, 1933

40,000 of SA and SS men

Nazis burn Reichstag building

February 27, 1933

to create crisis

Nazis open Dachau concentration camp near Munich

March 22, 1933

German Parliament passes Enabling Act

March 24, 1933

Gives Hitler control of Germany

Nazis stage boycott of Jewish shops and businesses.

April 1, 1933

Nazis issue a Decree defining a non-Aryan

April 11, 1933

"anyone descended from non-Aryan, especially Jewish, parents or grandparents. One parent or grandparent classifies the descendant as non-Aryan...especially if one parent or grandparent was of the Jewish faith."

The Gestapo is born

April 26, 1933

Created by Hermann

Burning of Books

May 10, 1933

In Berlin and Germany

Nazis prohibit Jews from owning land.

September 29, 1933

Jews are banned from the German Labor Front

January 24, 1934

The SS is made an independent organization from the SA

July 20, 1934

Jews are prohibited from getting legal qualifications

July 22, 1934

German President dies

August 2, 1934

Hitler becomes President

Nazis ban Jews from serving in the military

May 21, 1935

Nuremberg Race Laws against Jews decreed

September 15, 1935

The German Gestapo is placed above the law

February 10, 1936

Nazi troops enter Austria

March 12, 1938

Population has about 200,000 Jews

Nazis prohibit Aryan 'front-ownership' of Jewish businesses

April 22, 1938

Nazis order Jews to register property

April 26, 1938

jews have to register businesses

June 14, 1938

Jewish women have to add 'Sarah' to their passports and Jewish males have to add 'Israel' to theirs

August 17, 1938

Nazis fine Jews one billion marks for damages related to Kristallnacht.

November 12, 1938

Jewish kids are expelled from all non-Jewish German schools.

November 15, 1938

Jews hand over all gold and silver items to the Nazis

February 21, 1939

Nazis invade Poland

September 1, 1939

Great Britian and France delcare war on Germany

September 3, 1939

Soviet troops invade eastern Poland

September 17, 1939

Evacuation of Jews from Vienna

October 12, 1939

Forced labor decree issued for Polish Jews aged 14 to 60

October 26, 1939

Yellow stars required to be worn by Polish Jews over age 10

November 23, 1939

Deportation of German Jews into Poland

February 12, 1940

The Lodz Ghetto in occupied Poland is sealed off from the outside world with 230,000 Jews locked inside

April 30, 1940

Nazis invade France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands

May 10 1940

Nazis invade Romania

October 7, 1940

Lodz Ghetto is sealed off

November 15, 1940

German Jews go into forced labor

March 7, 1941

Nazis invade Russia

June 22, 1941

The first test use of Zyklon-B gas at Auschwitz

September 3, 1941

Extermination camp becomes operational

December 8, 1941

The number of Jews killed by SS Einsatzgruppen passes one million

1942

Mass killings of Jews using Zyklon-B begin at Auschwitz-Birkenau

January 1, 1942

SS Einsatzgruppe A reports a tally of 229,052 Jews killed

January 31, 1942

First trainloads of Jews from Paris arrive at Auschwitz

March 30, 1942

Himmler grants permission for sterilization experiments at Auschwitz

July 7, 1942

Reduction of food rations for Jews in Germany

September 18, 1942

Deportations of Jews from Norway to Auschwitz begin

October 25, 1942

The first transport of Jews from Germany arrives at Auschwitz

December 10, 1942

First resistance by Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto

January 18, 1943

Germany surreders to the Russians

February 2, 1943

Jews working in Berlin armaments industry are sent to Auschwitz

February 27, 1943

Himmler orders liquidation of all Jewish ghettos in occupied Poland

June 11, 1943

Liberation of Warsaw by the Russians

January 17, 1945

Americans free 33,000 inmates from concentration camps

April 30, 1945

SS-Reichsführer Himmler commits suicide while in British custody

May 23, 1945

23 former SS doctors and scientists go on trial before a U.S. Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Sixteen are found guilty, with 7 hanged

December 9, 1946

Adolf Eichmann is captured in Argentina by the Israeli secret service

May 11, 1960

Eichmann on trial in Jerusalem for crimes against the Jewish people, crimes against humanity and war crimes

August 11, 1961