Social 11: Cold War Timeline

Events

United Nations

26 June 1945 - Approx. Present

The United Nations is created in San Francisco to prevent global conflict and keep collective security.
http://tse3.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIP.Mf91bd75ef6394d55b6c3c0d248a68051H0&pid=15.1

Defection of Igor Gouzenko

6 September 1945

Soviet spy Igor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada.

NATO

25 August 1949 - Approx. Present

the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is created as a military defense alliance.
http://tse4.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIP.M73244db4d1e458b863f09fb98fc661eco0&pid=15.1

Korean War

June 25,1950 - July 27,1953

Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was a peacemaking.

Lester Pearson - Canada's ambassador

Approx. 1952

Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.

WP

14 April 1955 - 31 March 1991

In response to NATO, the Eastern Bloc countries signs Warsaw Pact.

Vietnam War

1 November 1955 - 30 April 1975

A war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia, the war is also considered a Cold War-era proxy war.

Suez Crisis

29 October 1956 - 7 November 1956

Suez, Egypt: First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents a war.

Lester Pearson - Nobel Peace Prize

Approx. 1957

Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in defusing the crisis.
http://tse2.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIP.M9a27e38c2f2e30e6063e355081603cffo2&pid=15.1

Cancellation of the Avro Arrow

20 February 1959

Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 14, 1962 - October 28, 1962

It was the closest the Cold War came to escalating into a full-scale nuclear war between the U.S. and Soviet Union.

Cyprus issue

Approx. 1964 - Approx. 1974

An intercommunal violence between the Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots. Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus.

Trudeau's Foreign Policy

1970

Trudeau visits China

1973

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission.

Berlin Wall comes down

November 1989

Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the disbandment of Soviet Union.

Gulf War

4 August 1990 - 28 February 1991

Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was peacemaking.

Bosnia War

6 April 1992 - 14 December 1995

Bosnia and Herzegovina's religious conflicts lead to the outbreak of war.

Somalia Affair

Approx. 1993

A military scandal later dubbed "Canada's national shame". It peaked with the beating to death of a Somali teenager at the hands of two Canadian soldiers participating in humanitarian efforts in Somalia.

Rwanda genocide

7 April 1994 - 15 July 1994

U.N. Tried to help but failed,close to a million people had died within a few weeks,including many women,old people and babies.