Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=OIP.M9cc765b8e1c56ae5ff14afbd74b7503eH0&w=300&h=200&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0&r=0
Soviet spy Igor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada.http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=OIP.M262491cf6e44d00f4c0ecc953f900cbeH0&w=300&h=181&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0&r=0
The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to make sure the world is peace, and against any conflicts in the world.http://tse3.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIP.Mf91bd75ef6394d55b6c3c0d248a68051H0&w=234&h=152&c=7&rs=1&qlt=90&o=4&dpr=1.5&pid=1.1
NATO – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense
alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response
The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=OIP.M06ae714e31a16c7a13f2320d7a74c7e7H0&w=300&h=200&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0&r=0
Korea: Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported
military action. This was peacekeeping.http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=OIP.Mc3490c1505427b537e11842607c8b181H0&w=300&h=240&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0&r=0
Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.
Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project. The arrow is one interceptor developed in Malton.http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=OIP.M0472a4af00f56538c25c59024c13af75o0&w=299&h=204&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0&r=0
Warsaw Pact was established on 4 May 1955.http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIP.M76128597981a5ea93eb82baa07184fcao0&w=214&h=112&c=7&rs=1&qlt=90&o=4&dpr=1.5&pid=1.1
Suez, Egypt: First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents
Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Peace Prize
Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the end of the Cold War in Europe.http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=OIP.Mdc2b1ac9ec4e7a802baee9149ed9d1f2o0&w=300&h=199&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0&r=0
Cuban Missile Crisis: The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war. How did
Prime Minister Diefenbaker respond?
Diefenbaker was reluctant to have Canada drawn into a major conflict that seemed
largely rooted in U.S. policy and interests.http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=OIP.M3c66b053f62eac3d66e4da546d4c93ffH0&w=299&h=220&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0&r=0
Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus.
It is one island country and is located in the border of Europe and Asia, in the east
Vietnam War: What did Prime Minister Pearson think of the US policy in Vietnam?
He criticized Operation Rolling Thunder-the name of the U.S bombing campaign of
North Vietnam-in a speech at a university in Philadephia.http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=OIP.Ma0f0f8c3c9f44f1ba34607b6c1b1c9b3H0&w=300&h=240&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0&r=0
Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan).
Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission.
Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba
Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was
Somalia: what happened to tarnish Canada’s Peacekeeping reputation?
One night, members of the Canadian Airborne Regiment arrested a Somali teenager
found wandering in the Canadian base camp. During the night, the teen was tortured
and beaten to death. Canadians were shocked by these events.
Bosnia and Croatia: Describe the problems in this region:
Bosnia and Croatia were became independent after Yugoslavia was disassembled,
the conflicts between nations was severe，Croatians fought with Srbis.http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=OIP.Mc092f618c8d42b68b71b1ca2c4566e40H0&w=300&h=236&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0&r=0
Civil war and chaos in Haiti: Canada sends soldiers and later police.
Rwanda is a small nation which was torn apart by ethnic rivalries. Canadians were also
active in this region. France and Belgium sent the troops there to control the slaughter.
Dallaire sent a series of urgent appeals to U.N. headquarters in New York when he
realized the extent of planned killings. The response from United Nations and
Washington was disappointed and unenthusiastic, then it caused the terrible disaster
in Rwanda, million people had died within a few weeks.http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=OIP.M887e6ac2bbca880abc9505bd81117a32o0&w=259&h=284&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0&r=0