Social 11: Cold War Timeline


cold war start

1945 - 1991

Soviet spy Igor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada.

United Nation is created

26 June 1945 - Present

The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to make sure the world is peace, and against any conflicts in the world.


1949 - Present

NATO – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense
alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response
The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.

Korean War

1950 - 1953

Korea: Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported
military action. This was peacekeeping.



Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.

Avro Arrow project.

1954 - Feb 28 1959

Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project. The arrow is one interceptor developed in Malton.

Nobel Peace Prize


Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Peace Prize

Berlin Wall

1961 - 1989

Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the end of the Cold War in Europe.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 14, 1962 - October 28, 1962

Cuban Missile Crisis: The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war. How did
Prime Minister Diefenbaker respond?
Diefenbaker was reluctant to have Canada drawn into a major conflict that seemed
largely rooted in U.S. policy and interests.

Cyprus Mission


Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus.
It is one island country and is located in the border of Europe and Asia, in the east
of Mediterranean.

Vietnam War

1965 - 1973

Vietnam War: What did Prime Minister Pearson think of the US policy in Vietnam?
He criticized Operation Rolling Thunder-the name of the U.S bombing campaign of
North Vietnam-in a speech at a university in Philadephia.

Communist China was Recognized


Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan).

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China


Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission.

Communist Cuba


Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba

Gulf War

August 2, 1990 - February 28, 1991

Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was

Somalia: the repulatioin of Canada lost


Somalia: what happened to tarnish Canada’s Peacekeeping reputation?
One night, members of the Canadian Airborne Regiment arrested a Somali teenager
found wandering in the Canadian base camp. During the night, the teen was tortured
and beaten to death. Canadians were shocked by these events.

Bosnia and Croatia

1992 - 1995

Bosnia and Croatia: Describe the problems in this region:
Bosnia and Croatia were became independent after Yugoslavia was disassembled,
the conflicts between nations was severe,Croatians fought with Srbis.

Civil war and chaos in Haiti

1993 - 1997

Civil war and chaos in Haiti: Canada sends soldiers and later police.

the Disaster in Rwanda

1994 - 1995

Rwanda is a small nation which was torn apart by ethnic rivalries. Canadians were also
active in this region. France and Belgium sent the troops there to control the slaughter.
Dallaire sent a series of urgent appeals to U.N. headquarters in New York when he
realized the extent of planned killings. The response from United Nations and
Washington was disappointed and unenthusiastic, then it caused the terrible disaster
in Rwanda, million people had died within a few weeks.