social 11: Cold war timeline


United Nations

June 1945

The goal of the UN is to prevent another global conflict.

NATO and Warsaw pact

April 4, 1949

NATO stand for he North Atlantic Treaty Organization, it is a military alliance. In response, he Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw pact in 1955.

Korean War

June 25, 1950 - July 27, 1953

Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action.

Canada’s ambassador


Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.

Vietnam War

November 1, 1955 - April 30, 1975 Canadian firms sold goods such as berets, boots, airplane engines, and explosives too the U.S. Defence Department. Most people still saw communism as a real threat to Western security.

Nobel Peace Price


Leaster Pearson proposed UN send a group of troops to mediate between rival countries. The group was made up of countries who were not involved in the conflict. For his part in preventing all out war, Pearson won the Nobel Peace Prize

The Avro Arrow


The project was cancelled by the Diefenbaker government. Canadians often feel that they lost an opportunity to establish their country as a technological leader.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 14, 1962 - October 28, 1962

Prime Minister Diefenbaker was reluctant to have Canada drawn into a major conflict that seemed largely rooted in U.S. policy and interests. 9.At first, the Canadian government refused to place Canada’s NORAD forces on alert. Nor did it allow U.S. planes with atomic weapons to land at Canadian bases.

Peacekeeping mission to Cyprus


UNIFICYP is Canada’s longest UN peacekeeping mission. The purpose was to maintain balance between the Greek and Turkish Cypriots in their newly created island.

Communist China.


Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan).

Berlin Wall comes down

9 November 1989 It symbolized the Dissolution of the Soviet Union and the end of the cold war.

Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries


Additional changes were made to the Soviet Union group throughout the year, until the final group was announced in 1956. By then, 15 countries had become part of the USSR: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.

Canada supoort Gulf War against Iraq



1992 - 1995

Canadian force joined those from other countries in distributing food and other essential supplies to the desperate local population.

Civil war and chaos in Haiti

1993 - 1997

Canada sends soldiers and later police.

the disaster in Rwanda

1994 - 1995

This small central African country was torn apart by ethnic rivalries. 5.Apr. 1994 – the world was horrified to learn of a massive wave of killing in Rwanda. Within a few weeks, close to a million people had died, including many women, old people, and babies.