Peru and Bolivia were united under Andres Santa Cruz
Dominance in Mexico
Dominance in southern South America
Had dominance in northern South America in the years 1810- 1830
Tupac Amuro led 70,000 rebels against Spanish rule. He was then killed in 1783.
Mulattoes led a revolt in Bahia, Brazil, in 1798
In 1807 Simon Boliver returned from his schooling in europe to Venezuela. 1811 he served as a army officer when Venezuela lost there independence. 1813 he captured caracas and restated venezulas independence. 1814 he was exiled from Caracas.
1819 his forces defeated spain and created the republic of columbia. 1821 Venezuela and Ecuador became part of the republic of Columbia. 1825 He captured Peru and Upper Peru, called it Bolivia.
Simon Boliver resigned from politcs in 1930, and died of turboculusis later that year
Father Morelos led a rebellion unlike those of South America because he went after the creole elites. But was captured, then killed bythe spainards.
Father Miguel Hidalgo led Mexican revolts until he was executed in 1811
After Morelos death the revolution was led by conservative creole elite. And got its independence in 1821.
Mexico was ruled by a monarchy for 2 years until 1823, when it was proclaimed a republic.
After the US encoureged texas to leave, it declared there independence from Mexico in 1836
The Portuguese fled to Rio de Janerio, where the ruled over the Portugal empire.
Dom Joao maid Brazil into a great country, with legal code like portugal. And made Rio the center for trade, administation, education, and cultural instituitions
Dom Joao left Rio for Lisbon. While his heir prince Pedro Stayed
In 1822 Pedro declared Brazil independent and Portugal did little stop them, Became a monarchy under a member of the Portuguese royal family.
de Francia was the dictator of Paraguay for years, he was known as a harsh dictatotor. But others said his reveloutonary economic and cultural ideas led to independence in Paraguay.
Paraguay declares there independence from spain
Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay funded by Britain fought aganist Paraguay to destroy populist policies. Paraguay eventfully lost and there goverment system was over.