Renassaince composers

Events

John Dunstable

Approx. 1390 - 24 december 1453

was an English composer of polyphonic music of the late medieval era and early Renaissance periods. He was one of the most famous composers active in the early 15th century, a near-contemporary of Leonel Power, and was widely influential, not only in England but on the continent, especially in the developing style of the Burgundian School.

The spelling "Dunstaple" is preferred by Margaret Bent, since it occurs in more than twice as many musical attributions as that of "Dunstable". The few English musical sources are equally divided between "b" and "p"; however, the contemporary non-musical sources, including those with a claim to a direct association with the composer, spell his name with a "p." Both spellings remain in common usage.

Guillaume Dufay

5 august 1397 - 27 november 1474

Guillaume Dufay was a Franco-Flemish composer of the early Renaissance. A central figure in the Burgundian School, he was regarded by his contemporaries as one of the leading composers in Europe in the mid-15th century

Johannes Ockenghem

Approx. 1410 - 6 February 1497

Johanne Ockenghem was the most famous composer of the Franco-Flemish School in the last half of the 15th century, and is often considered the most influential composer between Guillaume Dufay and Josquin des Prez. In addition to being a renowned comporser, he was also an honored singer, choirmaster, and teacher.

Invention of the printing Press by J.Gutemberg

1440

Josquín Desprèz

Approx. 1450 - 27 august 1521

often referred to simply as Josquin, was a Franco-Flemish composer of the Renaissance. His original name is sometimes given as Josquin Lebloitte and his later name is given under a wide variety of spellings in French, Italian, and Latin, including Iosquinus Pratensis and Iodocus a Prato. His motet Illibata Dei virgo nutrix includes an acrostic of his name, where he spelled it "Josquin des Prez".[2][3] He was the most famous European composer between Guillaume Dufay and Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, and is usually considered to be the central figure of the Franco-Flemish School. Josquin is widely considered by music scholars to be the first master of the high Renaissance style of polyphonic vocal music that was emerging during his lifetime.

Juan de Enzina

12 july 1468 - Approx. 1530

was a composer, poet and playwright,535 often called the founder, along with Gil Vicente, of Spanish drama. His name at birth was Juan de Fermoselle.In 1492 the poet entertained his patron with a dramatic piece, the Triunfo de la fama, written to commemorate the fall of Granada. In 1496 he published his Cancionero, a collection of dramatic and lyrical poems. He then applied for the cantor post at Salamanca Cathedral, but the position was divided among three singers, including his rival Lucas Fernandez.

Clèment Janequin

Approx. 1485 - Approx. 1558

was a French composer of the Renaissance. He was one of the most famous composers of popular chansons of the entire Renaissance, and along with Claudin de Sermisy, was hugely influential in the development of the Parisian chanson, especially the programmatic type. The wide spread of his fame was made possible by the concurrent development of music printing.

Claudin de Sermisy

Approx. 1490 - 13 october 1562

was a French composer of the Renaissance. Along with Clément Janequin he was one of the most renowned composers of French chansons in the early 16th century; in addition he was a significant composer of sacred music. His music was both influential on, and influenced by, contemporary Italian styles.

Cristopher Colombus discovered America

1492

Cristóbal de Morales

Approx. 1500 - 4 september 1553

was a Spanish composer of the Renaissance. He is generally considered to be the most influential Spanish composer before Victoria.On 4 September 1553 he asked to be considered for the position of maestro de capilla at the Cathedral of Toledo, where he had previously worked, but died shortly after in Marchena; the actual date is not known, but was before October 7

Luis de Narváez

Approx. 1500 - Approx. 1555

was a Spanish composer and vihuelist. Highly regarded during his lifetime, Narváez is known today for Los seys libros del delphín, a collection of polyphonic music for the vihuela which includes the earliest known variation sets. He is also notable for being the earliest composer for vihuela to adapt the contemporary Italian style of lute music.

Andrea Amati

Approx. 1505 - 1577

Andrea Amati was a luthier, from Cremona, Italy.[1][2] Amati is credited with making the first instruments of the violin family that are in the form we use today.[3] According to the National Music Museum in Vermillion, South Dakota:

Antonio de Cabezón

30 march 1510 - 26 march 1566

was a Spanish Renaissance composer and organist. Blind from childhood, he quickly rose to prominence as a performer and was eventually employed by the royal family. He was among the most important composers of his time and the first major Iberian keyboard composer.

Publication of Martin Luther's theses

1517

Francisco Guerrero

4 october 1520 - 8 november 1599

was a Spanish composer of the Renaissance. He was born and died in Seville.
Of all the Spanish Renaissance composers, he was the one who lived and worked the most in Spain. Others—for example Morales and Victoria—spent large portions of their careers in Italy (though, unlike many Franco-Flemish composers of the time, Spanish composers usually returned home later in life).

Giovanni Pierluigui de Palestrina

30 september 1525 - 2 Febrero 1594

Guiovanni Pierluigui da Palestrina was an Italian Renaissance composer of sacred music and the best-known 16th-century representative of the Roman School of musical composition.He had a lasting influence on the development of church music, and his work has often been seen as the culmination of Renaissance polyphony.

Henry VIII became Supreme Head of the church in England

1531

Trento's council

1545

Tomás Luis de Victoria

Approx. 1548 - 27 august 1611

was the most famous composer in 16th-century Spain, and was one of the most important composers of the Counter-Reformation, along with Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina and Orlando di Lasso. Victoria was not only a composer, but also an accomplished organist and singer as well as a Catholic priest. However, he preferred the life of a composer to that of a performer.

Montevedi

15 may 1567 - 29 november 1643

was an Italian composer, gambist, singer, and Catholic priest.
Monteverdi is considered a crucial transitional figure between the Renaissance and the Baroque periods of music history. While he worked extensively in the tradition of earlier Renaissance polyphony, such as in his madrigals, he also made great developments in form and melody and began employing the basso continuo technique, distinctive of the Baroque. Monteverdi wrote one of the earliest operas, L'Orfeo, which is the earliest surviving opera still regularly performed.