Timeline 3


Kingdom of Ghana

300 - 1200

Being located near to the Mediterranean Sea, and having adapted camels near the Trans Saharan trade route, fancy, wealthy cities arose from the the northwest region of the Saharan Desert, one being Ghana. The only link to the outside world for the Ghanians were the trusty "Berber Merchants", who would travel in and out, and made all executive trade decisions. As Ghana grew increasingly stronger, this promoted fear in their surrounding neighbors, who were awaiting their inevitable invasion from Ghana, who would have the power to conquer them. Though many attacks were unsuccessful, Ghana eventually fell, due to stunted international trade, and small attacks that all layered and got to the capital at last, Ghana was absorbed into the other growing nation, Mali.


570 - 632

Muhammad, the founder of Islam, and the prophet of God. Muslims believe he was sent by an angel, to the city of Mecca.

Sui Dynasty

589 - 618

The Sui dynasty brought back centralized rule to China, and was able to disrupt the Confucian education system. There was great construction on the Grand Canal, connecting it from Northern, to Southern China.

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907

The Tang Dynasty was described as one of the most glittering periods of Chinese history, because of it's power within every field, especially the outstanding cosmopolitan culture. The Tang came to a close when a military leader, Zhu Wen, killed Emperor Ai, and took the throne for himself.

Umayyad Dynasty

661 - 750

In which the Muslim dynasty was separated into two main parts: the Sufyanids, and the Marwinids. Decline began with the disastrous defeat of the Syrian army by the Byzantine emperor Leo III. The Umyyad was located Damascus, their established capital.

Silla Dynasty

668 - 935

Silly, was one of the three kingdoms of Korea, in which dwelled fabulously aristocratic members of society. A kingdom in which had gold crowns and gold belts, it was obviously a wealthy colonization. Buddhism flourished in the Silla as well, encouraging education, and faith amongst the peoples. The Silla also had great military strength, where they allied with China, and fought the northern Korean state of Koguryo, where they battled for roughly a decade, but just established unification in the end.

Nara Period

710 - 794

The power of Buddhism greatly expanded during the Nara Period, along with temples in which to worship. Emperor Shomu encouraged this worship greatly, so much so that big bronze Buddha's were built with great expense, to be worshiped. Confucian ideas were brought into the Japanese government.

Abbasid Dynasty

750 - 1258

The Empire that oversaw the golden age of the (third) Islamic Empire, in Islamic culture and made it seemingly one of the most influential empires because of it's prolonged rule. It was established in Bagdad, near Persia, influencing the ways that the Abbasids addressed their political organization. The Abbasid Empire ended once Grandson of Genghis Khan (Hulagu Khan), attacked the capital, and killed the Abbasid leader/caliph, Al-Musta'sim.

Reign of Charlemagne

768 - 814

Charlemagne was a ruler of medieval Europe, in which he became king of the Franks, a Germanic tribe in modern day Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and western Germany. He was a man driving by his military strategies, and it's growing power. He was crowned emperor of the Romans by Pope Leo III.

Hein Period

794 - 1185

This was a 400 year period of political peace in Japan, led primarily by powerful aristocrats, including the highly influential family, the Fujiwara, who controlled the culture and social environment. Eventually, after many years of trade with China (exchanging Buddhism), cut ties, and became confident in themselves, and focused on their own culture and heritage.

Song Dynasty

960 - 1279

The song was considered a golden age of agriculture, technology, and development in a strong economy, as well as science and culture. The song was founded by Zhao Kuangyin, and eventually crumbled because of Genghis Khan's mongol invasions.

Schism between Eastern and Western Christian Church


The church split after there was a large fuss made between the Byzantine Empire, and the Crowning of Charlemagne, because this meant that the Byzantine Empire was no longer needed. So, naturally, those who were geographically more eastern, became the Greek Orthodox Church, and those who were not, became the Roman Catholic church, who lived under the (mostly influential) rule of the Pope.

Norman invasion of England

1066 C.E - 1071 C.E

Norman, Breton, and French soldiers invaded and occupied England in 11th century Europe. A man named Edward was motivated to lead the invasion from France, because he thought that another man, Harold (a Norman), had unjustly stolen not only his promised crown, but that of the previous ruler of England, another man, named William.

First Crusade

1096 - 1099

Christian armies from Western Europe crusaded against Pope Urban II', because of his desire to go to war against Muslim forces in the "holy land. The first crusade accomplished it's goal in three years, by capturing Jerusalem in 1099.

Kingdom of Angkor

1113 - 1150

The Kingdom of Angkor was a very prestigious and sophisticated rule, that took place in south east Asia, located modern day Cambodia. Slaves were used in order to build glorifying temples, and art to please the Kings, and furthermore, the Gods. The city was abandoned after it was captured by the Tai armies who captured their primary leader.

Reign of Genghis Khan

1162 - 1227

Genghis Khan was a strong and strategic ruler of the Mongols, who were a nomadic group, but became unified through his rule, and in his conquest to heard in/capture as many peoples to live under his rule as possible. This plan ended up working out for him, seeing as how he became the most successful empire ever, and succeed in capturing most of central Asia and China. Although a man named "humble" by many historians around the globe, Genghis Khan slaughtered hundreds of thousands of people, in order to convey the point that their land was being invaded.

Mongol conquest of all of China

1205 - 1279

Crushing the remaining bit of the Song Dynasty, Genghis Khan, leader of the Mongols established the new Yuan Dynasty. This was sone by uniting all nomadic tribes into one united force, ready to be used as a weapon.

Sultanate of Delhi

1206 - 1526

The Dehli Sultanate was a muslim kingdom in which was central to Dehli, but five other regions (which it was spread over), also had an equal amount of influence over the decisions of the rule. It was established by muhammad's succussors, in order to continue the spreading of islam in India.

Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe

1220 - 1450

The Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe (built in modern day Zimbabwe), was an established kingdom in the medieval ages. Known for it's massive buildings made of stone, "Zimbabwe" means "stone buildings. The kingdom's economy thrived on cattle, one of their major food sources, as well as making a large amount of profit from trade with ivory and gold. Zimbabwe collapsed eventually because of the decline in resources, and Portuguese merchants, who disrupted their trade.

Mali Empire

1230 - 1600

An empire that grew to be roughly 1,800 miles wide, Mali was one of the largest empires in the world, facilitating gold, agriculture, and power to other regions throughout itself and around the world. The emperor would rule over 400 different cities, creating three separate rulers to the empire. Their (strong military), was composed of 100,000 men. The King, or "Mansa", was allowed to tax trade as he pleased. Mali was eventually weakened by the lower class, that reaped salt and gold, decreasing the amount of important labor.

Reign of Kublai Khan

1271 - 1294

Founder of the Yuan dynasty in China, and the grandson of Genghis Khan, Kublai Khan served as an emperor to the Monglols, and the other people in the Yuan dynasty. Although successful in his rule, his attempt to invade Japan was unsuccessful.

Ming Dynasty

1271 - 1368

Capitalism became more prominent than that of the feudal system during the early stages of the Ming Dynasty. Founded by the peasant Zhu Yuanzhang, who rose to power, major economical income came from porcelain and urbanization (taxing). the Ming Dynasty fell after there was a strong peasant uprising.

Marco Polo's trip to China

1271 - 1295

Marco Polo left his homy town of Venice Italy, to take a 17 year travel to China, in which he quickly adapted to the Chinese language and culture, and after appointed a confident of Kublai Khan, he would go on (diplomatic) missions, to further investigate the culture of other empires, and their ways of living. Marco Polo arrived back in Venice with a plethora of useful information to his people, which would help them to all live in a more advanced method of life.

Yuan Dynasty

1279 - 1368

A dynasty set up by the Mongols whilst under the rule of Kublai Khan, in which the Song Dynasty was wiped out by. The Yang tried to prevent the Chinese from having any political power. The Yang promoted Buddhism, and eventually fell because Zhu Yuanzhang launched a deadly attack with his troops.

Reign of Mansa Musa

1280 - 1337

Mansa Musa is one of the most remembered rulers of the Mali Empire. He was a traveler, who discovered Mecca, as well as being introduced to to rulers in the Middle East and in Europe.

Ibn Battuta

1304 - 1369

Known to be the greatest traveler to ever walk the planet, In Battuta spent the better part of his life wandering about, whilst on his pilgrimage to Mecca. All primary written recordings of Battuta's voyage all around the middle east, Africa, and western Asia were documented in his works of "The Travels".

First Bubonic Plague Pandemic

1334 - 1450

The Bubonic (Black) Plague, originated in China, but spread to Medieval Europe though trade routes. The disease wiped out entire towns at a time, killing 60% of the European population. This, however could be looked at in a positive way, in how it sped up the economic, social and and technical advances, because of labor shortages


1336 - 1405

Timur, was a mongol military leader and conquerer, who established his own Empire in Persia and Central Asia. As he essentially created the Timurid dynasty, naturally, he was the first leader.

Hundred Year's War

1337 - 1453

The Hundred Year's War, was a battle between England and France, about their major disagreements, the main one being weather or not the crown in France was rightfully and accordingly being passed down. Warfares took place in strong and rich cities, in which the cost of war was high, and the hours of holding a kingdom (or city) under were long.

Zheng He's expeditions

1371 - 1435

An explorer and diplomat, Zheng He traveled and commanded expeditions to Southeast Asia, South Asia, Western Asia, and East Africa. He was the man who led China to be successful in the Indian Ocean Trade.

Inca Empire

1438 - 1533

From Peru, and extending across to South America, the Incan Empire was the largest empire in the Americas, as well as having the most geographic diversity. Unique art and architecture was established wherever the Inca's conquered, leaving a sizable and deep footprint in the underdeveloped Americas, who would adapt to the Inca's style.