Civil War

Events

Underground Railroad

1830 - 1860

The Underground Railroad had various routes that all led southern slaves to free states in the North. The network extended through 14 Norther states and Canada, which was beyond the reach of fugitive-slave hunters. This led up to the Civil war because it grew tensions tighter between the North and South because the North was "stealing" slaves from the South. The duration of this event also helped to develop towards the civil war because tensions were growing as the years went on.

Nat Turner's Rebellion

August 1831

Nat Turner's Rebellion was the first and only effective, sustained slave rebellion in U.S. history. The actions of the rebellion spread fear of slaves in the South and brought on prohibition of the education, movement, and assembly of slaves. That deepened the problems between Slave holders and Free -Soilers because of the harsher laws against slaves, which started to separate Northerners and Southerners.

The Wilmot Proviso

1846 - 1850

The Wilmot Proviso was created to eliminate slavery in the new land in the West. The idea was created by anti-slavery Northerners. This lead to the compromise of 1850 which meant that the states could choose if they will be slave states or free states. The different ideas of the North and South drove them further apart as they grew to dislike each other more and more.

Mexican American War

April 25, 1846 - February 2, 1848

The Mexican American War was the first U.S. war fought chiefly on enemy lands. This was fought because President James K. Polk believed in manifest destiny and wanted to expand from coast to coast. At the end of the war, Mexico lost around 1/3 of its territory in the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, with the border line being on the Rio Grande River. This event indirectly led to the civil war as after the war, the U.S. gained land that the North and South fought about.

Compromise of 1850

1850

The compromise of 1850 was created because Northern abolitionists wanted to keep all the new territories slave free, but the Southerners wanted slavery to expand, so a compromise was made that the individual state could decide if it would be a slave state or a free state. This helped lead to the civil war because it lead the North and South to dislike each other more because they had to compromise with each other and felt like the other side was getting their way.

Uncle Tom's Cabin

March 20, 1852

The book Uncle Tom's Cabin, written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, is about slavery and what slave life is like. The Northerners viewed the book as eye opening and wanted to end slavery because of how it was depicted in the book. Southerners viewed the book as full of lies and completely untrue. This helped to develop the war because it made the Northerners dislike the Southerners more because of how they treated slaves.

Bleeding Kansas

1855 - 1861

Bleeding Kansas was a period of violence in the Kansas territory fought over anti-slavery problems. Multiple governments had been established in Kansas, one backed by pro-slavery Missourians, and the other backed by antislavery groups. The violence was caused as both sides fought for control of Kansas. This led to the civil war because it was anti-slavery vs. pro-slavery fights that took place in Kansas which kept developing and getting worse until the civil war.

Dred Scott Case

1857

The Dred Scott case was a controversial ruling by the Supreme Court saying that all blacks, whether slave or free, cannot be U.S. citizens. This caused outrage in the North from abolitionists, which caused lots of contention between the North and South.

John Brown's Raid of Harper's Ferry

October 16, 1859 - October 18, 1859

John Brown's raid was a revenge plot against pro-slavery Southerners. It included 22 men, including 5 black men and 3 of his sons. They rented a farm near Harper's Ferry and prepared for the attack overnight. Word spread of the attack and they were surrounded by Colonel Robert E. Lee's army by morning. The army overran the farm, and 10 men were killed, including 2 of John's sons. The attack failed, but what he did inflamed sectional tensions and made any accommodation between the North and South nearly impossible.

Secession of South Carolina

December 20, 1860

The secession of South Carolina was the beginning of the Civil War. They were the first state to secede and set the example for the other southern states to follow. Their example is what brought the other states to secede. Because the North didn't want them to secede, war was started to bring them back into the Union.

Abraham Lincolns presidential term

March 4, 1861 - April 15, 1865

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. He was the first Republican to win presidency. by the time of his inauguration, 7 states had already seceded and the Confederate States had already been established. The Civil War started a month after when shots were fired in Sumter, South Carolina. His election meant that the war was coming soon because he wasn't going to allow the South to secede and wanted to keep the Union together.

Civil War

April 12, 1861 - May 9, 1865