The Reconstruction


The Thirteenth Amendment is Passed

January 31, 1865

Thirteenth Amendment approved in January. Ratified in December. Abolished slavery in the United States.

The Freedmen's Bureau was Established

March 3, 1865

Congress establishes Freedmen's Bureau in March to provide assistance to the emancipated slaves.

The End of the Civil War

April 9, 1865

The Civil War ended when General Lee surrendered to General Grant

The Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln

April 15, 1865

President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated at Ford's Theatre by John Wilkes Booth.

Fourteenth Amendment is passed

July 9, 1868

Fourteenth Amendment is ratified and entitles all persons born or naturalized in the United States to citizenship and equal protection under the laws of the United States.

The Fifteenth Amendment is Passed

February 26, 1869

Passed by Congress February 26, 1869, and ratified February 3, 1870, the 15th amendment granted African American men the right to vote.

First African American Senator

February 25, 1870

Hiram Revels elected to U. S. Senate as the first black senator.

Civil Rights Act of 1875

March 1, 1875

The bill was passed by the 43rd United States Congress and signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant. It provides blacks with the right to equal treatment in public places and transportation.