Thirteenth Amendment approved in January. Ratified in December. Abolished slavery in the United States.
Congress establishes Freedmen's Bureau in March to provide assistance to the emancipated slaves.
The Civil War ended when General Lee surrendered to General Grant
President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated at Ford's Theatre by John Wilkes Booth.
Fourteenth Amendment is ratified and entitles all persons born or naturalized in the United States to citizenship and equal protection under the laws of the United States.
Passed by Congress February 26, 1869, and ratified February 3, 1870, the 15th amendment granted African American men the right to vote.
Hiram Revels elected to U. S. Senate as the first black senator.
The bill was passed by the 43rd United States Congress and signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant. It provides blacks with the right to equal treatment in public places and transportation.