Social 11: Cold War Timeline

Events

Soviet spy

1945

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Soviet spy Igor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada.

UN is created

June 1945


The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to prevent another global conflict.

NATO

1949

https://tse1-mm.cn.bing.net/th?id=OIP.M76b419815558999f29bd279bebe7186bo0&pid=15.1&P=0&w=272&h=166
NATO – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.

Korea

1950 - 1953


Korea: Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was peace broken.

Pearon become Canada‘s ambassador

1952

https://tse2-mm.cn.bing.net/th?id=OIP.M0c740e688a3270978a360ed571325cafo2&pid=15.1&P=0&w=259&h=166
Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.

Suez, Egypt

1956

https://tse2-mm.cn.bing.net/th?id=OIP.M8071994a4fc386fd07997b65256adb78o0&pid=15.1&P=0&w=182&h=160
First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war.

Avro Arrow

1959

https://tse2-mm.cn.bing.net/th?id=OIP.M12808206cc09356981fd5a70a99a81d5o0&pid=15.1&P=0&w=224&h=177
Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project【 A state- of –the art supersonic jet aircraft.】

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

https://tse1-mm.cn.bing.net/th?id=OIP.Md5c6b2dcaa3c4856b5ae366d6d1b7a1fH0&pid=15.1&P=0&w=203&h=158
The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war. Prime Minister Diefenbaker respond that announced a anval and air blockade of war.

Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus.

1964

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Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus.【An island in the eastern of Mediterranean.】

Vietnam War

1965 - 1973

Minister Pearson think of the US policy in Vietnam that they should against the railing, the presidnt of the United States grabbaed him by the shirt sollar twisted it and lifted the Shanken prime minister by the neck.

Trudeau

1970

https://tse2-mm.cn.bing.net/th?id=OIP.M61b29abe2044787b9e695668a5fbb52co0&pid=15.1&P=0&w=218&h=157Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan).

Trudeau visits China

1973

Berlin Wall

1989

http://s8.sinaimg.cn/large/0021OlTugy6NydIUmKbe7
Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the German was combined again

Canada supported the U.S

1991

https://tse4-mm.cn.bing.net/th?id=OIP.M6b3cf8c9625c52384deeda82e70fdf91o0&pid=15.1&P=0&w=300&h=300Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was Peacekeeper

collapse of the Soviet Union

1991

Union dissolves into 15 countries

Bosnia and Croatia

1992 - 1995

rooted war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a former republic of Yugoslavia with a multiethnic population comprising Bosniaks , Serbs, andCroats.

Somalia

1992

https://tse4-mm.cn.bing.net/th?id=OIP.M21433cdae8a61177b0d5b5225bb535b4H0&pid=15.1&P=0&w=243&h=162One night, members of the Canadian Airborne Regiment arrested a Somali teenager ofund wandering in the Canadian base camp. During the night, the teen was tortured and beaten to death. At first, a military inquirt found that only a few low-ranking officers had committed this terrible, racist crim. As more evidence came to light, however, it became clear that there had been a high-level attempt to cover up the incident.

Rwanda

1994 - 1995

https://tse4-mm.cn.bing.net/th?id=OIP.M6899e7092f0cdfde9ca12031338954a3H0&pid=15.1&P=0&w=194&h=153The genocide from Hutu on the Tutsis, the number of death was 1/5 of the population at that time.