1944-49: Legal purging; collaborationists arrested and put on trial for their crimes against France.
1944-45: Savage purging; illegal but common. Particularly the case for women who were seen to be shaved and marked with a swastika.
Libération de Paris
August 25, 1944
French Resistance fighters rose up against the Nazis occupying the city as the US Army approached. Together they took back the city.
Charles de Gaulle asserts himself as the interim leader of France.
Jour de la Victoire
8 May 1945
The end of WWII.
The start of a new tri-party government; PCF win the vote with 26,2% but share with Mouvement républicain populaire and SFIO. The extreme right is exiled.
Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech
De Gaulle resigns
After pressure from all three parties, de Gaulle resigns from his lack of power and inability to realise his dream of a Presidential Republic.
Le début de la Guerre Froide
Harry Truman's Doctrine outlining his goal to halt the geopolitical spread of Communism and Soviet rule begins the Cold War.
April: Daily bread ration is introduced and set at 250g per person. Reduced to 200g in September.
May 1947 Crises
5 May 1947
The start of the Cold War: the exclusion of Communist ministers in French parliament under Paul Ramadier due to governmental and party conflicts over policies such as wage freezing and the reconquest of Vietnam.
1948 - 1952
The investment of $2.7 billion into European aid to revitalise the economy, industry and prevent the spread of communism.
Le coup d'état de Tchecoslovaquie
The communist party, with the backing of the Soviet Union, assumed undisputed control of the country and its parliament.
Le blocus de Berlin
24 June 1948 - 12 May 1949
Soviet troops block a trade route to allied controlled bases in Berlin. They attempted this so that the Allies would retract the newly implemented Deutsche mark.
La grêve des mineurs
Energy crisis and nationalisation of the mines. As a rebuttal against the Lacoste decrees which ordained a reduction in their salary, rights and work force. 6 died and more than 3000 imprisoned or fired.
Le boom économique
Production levels return to that of pre-war.
Bread ration ends.
Les Mains Sales
La naissance de Sartre
21 Juin 1905
Le marriage de sa mère
To a man that Sartre would never stop hating. Moves to La Rochelle. A delicate and studious boy but the victim of bulling and harassment.
Meets Paul Nizan who becomes a close friend at L'école normale supérieure. Two brililant young men, and they have their first taste of rebellion and provocation.
Met Simone de Beauvoir
Taught in Le Havre
Assassination of Léon Trotsky
In Mexico, by an agent of Stalin.
First in Nancy and then in the Stalag.
L'être et le néant
Les Mains Sales
Written in 1947 but put on in 1948.
Le Deuxième Sexe
Simone de Beauvoir's integral text on feminism.
Student-led uprising against the Hungarian government and its Soviet-let policies. After it gained in traction, the Soviets agreed to negotiate, then changed its mind and sent in the tanks. Deeply unpopular move that lost a lot of Communist members.
Réfus du Prix Nobel
"aucun homme ne mérite d'etre consacré de son vivant." - Didn't want to be defined by his life whilst he was still alive and could have done more to change his perception.
La mort de Sartre
15 April 1980
La Guerre d'Algérie
Le massacre de Sétif
8 May 1945
French population in Algeria
La population "francaise" ne constitue que 10% de la population totale de l'Algérie.
Le toussaint rouge
1 November 1954
Known as the starting date of the Algerian war, created by attacks on white French civlians by members of the Front de Libération Nationale (FLN).
1 November 1954 - 1962
Also known as "Opérations de maintien de l'ordre", not until 1999 would the war be officially recognised.
1956 - 1957
Bombs planted in Algers to stir up sentiment among the urban Muslims as well as shootings - mostly all conducted by the FLN. General Jacques Massu won the battle by breaking the general strike and the FLN's infrastructure but by using dubious tactics including torture and quadrillage. This put doubt into the France about their position in Algeria.
Les "pouvoirs spéciaux"
L'Assemblée Nationale votent les "pouvoirs spéciaux" qui donnent à la police, les pouvoirs qui lui rendent capables de gérer la tension croissainte. Un acte dubieux à cause de l'air vague de ses pouvoirs.
Arrestation à Algiers
Les principaux représentants du FLN sont arretés a Algiers par la police francaise. Cet acte renforce la position du FLN contre la France.
8 May 1958
Appointed as PM, favourable because he wanted to begin negotiations again and a ceasefire. 58% of French wanted this in Jan 1958.
13 May 1958
General Massu seizes control of Algeria after peaceful protests against the killing of three French soldiers in Tunisia turned to riots. Salan becomes the head of a "Comité du salut public".
24 May 1958
The CSP takes over the island of Corsica.
Réne Coty's appeal
29 May 1958
He appeals au "plus illustre des Francais" to be the last Président of the 4th Republic.
de Gaulle reinstated
1 June 1958
and his new government officially ratified by the Assemblée Nationale.
"Vive l'Algérie Francaise"
4 June 1958
De Gaulle's visit to Algeria raises the hopes of the pieds-noirs and others to still be a part of France.
de Gaulle's reversal of stance
19 September 1959
Becomes more and more sceptical about an Algerian integration into France, he tuns towards auto-determination in wanting Algeria to decide for themselves.
The generals' putsch
Ceasefire and end of the war
19 March 1962
But the L'OAS attempt to sabotage the ceasefire using plastic missiles.
3 July 1962
de Gaulle declares Algeria an independent country.