Of Post-World War II and the Cold War
1944-49: Legal purging; collaborationists arrested and put on trial for their crimes against France.
1944-45: Savage purging; illegal but common. Particularly the case for women who were seen to be shaved and marked with a swastika.
French Resistance fighters rose up against the Nazis occupying the city as the US Army approached. Together they took back the city.
Charles de Gaulle asserts himself as the interim leader of France.
The end of WWII.
The start of a new tri-party government; PCF win the vote with 26,2% but share with Mouvement républicain populaire and SFIO. The extreme right is exiled.
After pressure from all three parties, de Gaulle resigns from his lack of power and inability to realise his dream of a Presidential Republic.
April: Daily bread ration is introduced and set at 250g per person. Reduced to 200g in September.
Harry Truman's Doctrine outlining his goal to halt the geopolitical spread of Communism and Soviet rule begins the Cold War.
The start of the Cold War: the exclusion of Communist ministers in French parliament under Paul Ramadier due to governmental and party conflicts over policies such as wage freezing and the reconquest of Vietnam.
The investment of $2.7 billion into European aid to revitalise the economy, industry and prevent the spread of communism.
The communist party, with the backing of the Soviet Union, assumed undisputed control of the country and its parliament.
Soviet troops block a trade route to allied controlled bases in Berlin. They attempted this so that the Allies would retract the newly implemented Deutsche mark.
Energy crisis and nationalisation of the mines. As a rebuttal against the Lacoste decrees which ordained a reduction in their salary, rights and work force. 6 died and more than 3000 imprisoned or fired.
To a man that Sartre would never stop hating. Moves to La Rochelle. A delicate and studious boy but the victim of bulling and harassment.
Meets Paul Nizan who becomes a close friend at L'école normale supérieure. Two brililant young men, and they have their first taste of rebellion and provocation.
In Mexico, by an agent of Stalin.
First in Nancy and then in the Stalag.
Written in 1947 but put on in 1948.
Simone de Beauvoir's integral text on feminism.
Student-led uprising against the Hungarian government and its Soviet-let policies. After it gained in traction, the Soviets agreed to negotiate, then changed its mind and sent in the tanks. Deeply unpopular move that lost a lot of Communist members.
"aucun homme ne mérite d'etre consacré de son vivant." - Didn't want to be defined by his life whilst he was still alive and could have done more to change his perception.
La population "francaise" ne constitue que 10% de la population totale de l'Algérie.
Also known as "Opérations de maintien de l'ordre", not until 1999 would the war be officially recognised.
Known as the starting date of the Algerian war, created by attacks on white French civlians by members of the Front de Libération Nationale (FLN).
Bombs planted in Algers to stir up sentiment among the urban Muslims as well as shootings - mostly all conducted by the FLN. General Jacques Massu won the battle by breaking the general strike and the FLN's infrastructure but by using dubious tactics including torture and quadrillage. This put doubt into the France about their position in Algeria.
L'Assemblée Nationale votent les "pouvoirs spéciaux" qui donnent à la police, les pouvoirs qui lui rendent capables de gérer la tension croissainte. Un acte dubieux à cause de l'air vague de ses pouvoirs.
Les principaux représentants du FLN sont arretés a Algiers par la police francaise. Cet acte renforce la position du FLN contre la France.
Appointed as PM, favourable because he wanted to begin negotiations again and a ceasefire. 58% of French wanted this in Jan 1958.
General Massu seizes control of Algeria after peaceful protests against the killing of three French soldiers in Tunisia turned to riots. Salan becomes the head of a "Comité du salut public".
The CSP takes over the island of Corsica.
He appeals au "plus illustre des Francais" to be the last Président of the 4th Republic.
and his new government officially ratified by the Assemblée Nationale.
De Gaulle's visit to Algeria raises the hopes of the pieds-noirs and others to still be a part of France.
Becomes more and more sceptical about an Algerian integration into France, he tuns towards auto-determination in wanting Algeria to decide for themselves.
But the L'OAS attempt to sabotage the ceasefire using plastic missiles.
de Gaulle declares Algeria an independent country.