According to Kelly Boyd and Rohan McWilliam
British Empire at its height, new world of economy, export of British culture through Gilbert and Sullivan operettas, Sir Arther Conan Doyle’s fiction and the plays of Oscar Wilde. Second Reform Act (1867) after which confidence began to decline; economy began to decline from competition abroad, the Boer War, possibility of Irish Home Rule. Socialism came to the main stream via poverty becoming a major political issue in 1880s. Eugenics, influx of immigrants, visibility of women in the public life, anxieties about manliness were some of the issues of the late era. Viewed as a moment of crisis and a time of relative economic decline (when measured against the rise of Germany and the US).