The Northwest Ordinance bans slavery north of Ohio River and east of the Mississippi.
Constitution is ratified with the 3/5th Compromise
the 3/5 compromise says that slaves would be counted as 3/5ths of a person when determining population for the amount of representatives
Certain states enter union as a free state or slave state
1800 - 1810
Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana enter Union as free states.
Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama enter Union as slave states.
Missouri applies for statehood as a slave state.
Number of free states = 11; Number of slave states = 11
The Liberator begins to be published
William Lloyd Garrison begins to publish abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator.
Missouri Compromise is passed
-Missouri enters as a slave state as long as the law draws a line at latitude 36 30: North of that line slavery was banned.
-Maine enters as a free state.
Frederick Douglass publishes his Narrative
US signs treaty with Mexico
The U.S. acquires Mexican cession territory (California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, part of New Mexico, part of Colorado)
Harriet Tubman, another free state
Harriet Tubman escapes on the Underground Railroad.
California applies for statehood as a free state.
Henry Clay proposes the Compromise of 1850.
Henry Clay proposes the Compromise of 1850: Two new territories, New Mexico and Utah, are open to slavery. The slave trade in D.C. is ended.
A new Fugitive Slave law is passed.
California enters as a free state.
Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin
An anti-slavery novel that helped lay the ground work for the civil war
Congress passes the Kansas Nebraska Act, The Republican Party is established
Congress passes the Kansas Nebraska Act; the issue of slavery in both states will be decided based on popular sovereignty.
The Republican Party is established to oppose the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law.
“Bloody Kansas”: violence breaks out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas.
John Brown massacres 5 proslavery men in Pottawatomie, Kansas.
Senator Charles Sumner is caned in the Senate.
Dred Scott decision, Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional
The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision: African-Americans are not citizens; Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.
John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Brown is captured and hung.
abraham Lincoln wins Presidency
In November, Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, wins the election of 1860 with less than 40% of the vote.
In December, South Carolina secedes from the Union.
The Confederate States of America is formed
Jefferson Davis is elected president.
In March, President Lincoln is inaugurated.
On April 12, 1861, Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, beginning the Civil War.