Why a Civil War Group #1 Sophia, Kati, Ruby

Events

Slavery banned north of Ohio River/east of the Mississippi

1787

Northwest Ordinance bans slavery north of Ohio River and east of the Mississippi

3/5 compromise

1788

Constitution is ratified with the 3/5th Compromise
-this shows that the thought of slaves being free/considered people was thought of at the time, but was pushed to the side in order for the US to become a country

George Washington

1789 - 1797

Independent Politician

John Adams

1797 - 1801

Federalist Party

Free and Slaves States enter union (see notes)

1800 - 1810

Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana enter Union as free states.

Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama enter Union as slave states.

Thomas Jefferson

1801 - 1809

Democratic-Republican Party

James Madison

1809 - 1817

Democratic-Republican Party

James Monroe

1817 - 1825

Democratic-Republican Party

Missouri applies as slave state creating imbalance

1819

11 free states and 11 slave states

Missouri applies for statehood as a slave state.

Missouri compromise

1821

Missouri enters as a slave state; Maine enters as a free state.
-a line is drawn above missouri, slavery is banned in any land north of the line

Abolitionist Paper

1821

William Lloyd Garrison begins to publish abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator.

John Quincy Adams

1825 - 1829

Federalist Party

Andrew Jackson

1829 - 1837

Democratic Party

Martin Van Buren

1837 - 1841

Democratic Party

William H. Harrison

1841

Whig

John Tyler

1841 - 1845

Whig

Frederick Douglass publishes work

1845

Frederick Douglass publishes his Narrative

James K. Polk

1845 - 1849

Democratic Party

US acquires Mexican cession territory

1848

US signs treaty with Mexico: acquires Mexican cession territory.

Harriet Tubman escapes Underground Railroad

1849

California applies as free state

1849

Zachary Taylor

1849 - 1850

Whig

Compromise of 1850

1850
  • Henry Clay
  • California is now a free state
  • New Mexico and Utah are open to Slavery
  • Slave trade in D.C. ends
  • Fugitive Slave law is passed

Millard Fillmore

1850 - 1853

Whig

Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin.

1852

Franklin Pierce

1853 - 1857

Democratic Party

Kansas Nebraska Act

1854
  • Passed by Congress
  • Slavery in Kansas and Nebraska will be based on popular sovereignty
  • Republician Party is established to argue the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law

Bloody Kansas

1856
  • Violence breaks out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas.
  • John Brown massacres 5 proslavery men in Pottawatomie, Kansas.
  • Senator Charles Sumner is caned in the Senate.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

-The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision
-African-Americans are not citizens
-Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.

James Buchanan

1857 - 1861

Democratic Party

Harpers Ferry

1859

John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Brown is captured and hung.

Ab Lincoln Becomes President

1860

In November, Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, wins the election of 1860 with less than 40% of the vote.

In December, South Carolina secedes from the Union.

Abraham Lincoln

1861 - 1865

Republican Party

Civil War

1861

The Confederate States of America is formed; Jefferson Davis is elected president.

In March, President Lincoln is inaugurated.

On April 12, 1861, Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, beginning the Civil War.