Why a Civil War Group #1 Sophia, Kati, Ruby


Slavery banned north of Ohio River/east of the Mississippi


Northwest Ordinance bans slavery north of Ohio River and east of the Mississippi

3/5 compromise


Constitution is ratified with the 3/5th Compromise
-this shows that the thought of slaves being free/considered people was thought of at the time, but was pushed to the side in order for the US to become a country

George Washington

1789 - 1797

Independent Politician

John Adams

1797 - 1801

Federalist Party

Free and Slaves States enter union (see notes)

1800 - 1810

Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana enter Union as free states.

Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama enter Union as slave states.

Thomas Jefferson

1801 - 1809

Democratic-Republican Party

James Madison

1809 - 1817

Democratic-Republican Party

James Monroe

1817 - 1825

Democratic-Republican Party

Missouri applies as slave state creating imbalance


11 free states and 11 slave states

Missouri applies for statehood as a slave state.

Missouri compromise


Missouri enters as a slave state; Maine enters as a free state.
-a line is drawn above missouri, slavery is banned in any land north of the line

Abolitionist Paper


William Lloyd Garrison begins to publish abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator.

John Quincy Adams

1825 - 1829

Federalist Party

Andrew Jackson

1829 - 1837

Democratic Party

Martin Van Buren

1837 - 1841

Democratic Party

William H. Harrison



John Tyler

1841 - 1845


Frederick Douglass publishes work


Frederick Douglass publishes his Narrative

James K. Polk

1845 - 1849

Democratic Party

US acquires Mexican cession territory


US signs treaty with Mexico: acquires Mexican cession territory.

Harriet Tubman escapes Underground Railroad


California applies as free state


Zachary Taylor

1849 - 1850


Compromise of 1850

  • Henry Clay
  • California is now a free state
  • New Mexico and Utah are open to Slavery
  • Slave trade in D.C. ends
  • Fugitive Slave law is passed

Millard Fillmore

1850 - 1853


Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin.


Franklin Pierce

1853 - 1857

Democratic Party

Kansas Nebraska Act

  • Passed by Congress
  • Slavery in Kansas and Nebraska will be based on popular sovereignty
  • Republician Party is established to argue the Kansas Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law

Bloody Kansas

  • Violence breaks out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas.
  • John Brown massacres 5 proslavery men in Pottawatomie, Kansas.
  • Senator Charles Sumner is caned in the Senate.

Dred Scott Decision


-The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision
-African-Americans are not citizens
-Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.

James Buchanan

1857 - 1861

Democratic Party

Harpers Ferry


John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Brown is captured and hung.

Ab Lincoln Becomes President


In November, Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, wins the election of 1860 with less than 40% of the vote.

In December, South Carolina secedes from the Union.

Abraham Lincoln

1861 - 1865

Republican Party

Civil War


The Confederate States of America is formed; Jefferson Davis is elected president.

In March, President Lincoln is inaugurated.

On April 12, 1861, Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, beginning the Civil War.