Northwest Ordinance bans slavery north of Ohio River and east of the Mississippi
Constitution is ratified with the 3/5th Compromise
-this shows that the thought of slaves being free/considered people was thought of at the time, but was pushed to the side in order for the US to become a country
Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana enter Union as free states.
Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama enter Union as slave states.
11 free states and 11 slave states
Missouri applies for statehood as a slave state.
Missouri enters as a slave state; Maine enters as a free state.
-a line is drawn above missouri, slavery is banned in any land north of the line
William Lloyd Garrison begins to publish abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator.
Frederick Douglass publishes his Narrative
US signs treaty with Mexico: acquires Mexican cession territory.
-The Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision
-African-Americans are not citizens
-Missouri Compromise line is unconstitutional.
John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Brown is captured and hung.
In November, Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, wins the election of 1860 with less than 40% of the vote.
In December, South Carolina secedes from the Union.
The Confederate States of America is formed; Jefferson Davis is elected president.
In March, President Lincoln is inaugurated.
On April 12, 1861, Southern forces fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, beginning the Civil War.