Renaissance: composers and historical events

Events

John Dunstaple

Approx. 1390 - 1453

was an English composer of polyphonic music of the late medieval era and early Renaissance periods. He was one of the most famous composers active in the early 15th century, a near-contemporary of Leonel Power, and was widely influential, not only in England but on the continent, especially in the developing style of the Burgundian School.

"Dunstaple" is preferred by Margaret Bent, The few English musical sources are equally ; however, the contemporary non-musical sources, including those with a claim to a direct association with the composer

Guillaume Dufay

1400 - 1474

Was a composer of the early Renaissance. A central figure in the Burgundian School, he was regarded by his contemporaries as one of the leading composers in Europe in the mid-15th century.

Ockeghem

Approx. 1420 - 1495

Was the most famous composer of the Franco-Flemish School in the last half of the 15th century, and is often considered the most influential composer between Guillaume Dufay and Josquin des Prez. In addition to being a renowned composer, he was also an honored singer, choirmaster, and teacher.

Invention of the printing press of J.Gutemberg

1440

Josquin Des Prez

Approx. 1450 - 1521

He was the most famous European composer between Guillaume Dufay and Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, and is usually considered to be the central figure of the Franco-Flemish School. Josquin is widely considered by music scholars to be the first master of the high Renaissance style of polyphonic vocal music that was emerging during his lifetime.

During the 16th century, Josquin gradually acquired the reputation as the greatest composer of the age, his mastery of technique and expression universally imitated and admired.

Juan del Enzina

1468 - 1529

Was a composer, poet and playwright,often called the founder, along with Gil Vicente, of Spanish drama.

Clément Janequin

1485 - 1558

was a French composer of the Renaissance. He was one of the most famous composers of popular chansons of the entire Renaissance, and along with Claudin de Sermisy, was hugely influential in the development of the Parisian chanson, especially the programmatic type. The wide spread of his fame was made possible by the concurrent development of music printing. though no documents survive which establish any details of his early life or training. His career was highly unusual for his time, in that he never had a regular position with a cathedral or an aristocratic court. Instead he held a series of minor positions, often with important patronage. In 1505 he was employed as a clerk in Bordeaux, to Lancelot du Fau, who eventually became Bishop of Luçon; he retained this position until du Fau's death in 1523.

Luding Senfl

1486 - 1543

was a Swiss composer of the Renaissance, active in Germany. He was the most famous pupil of Heinrich Isaac, was music director to the court of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, and was an influential figure in the development of the Franco-Flemish polyphonic style in Germany.

Claudin de Sermisy

Approx. 1490 - 1562

as a French composer of the Renaissance.Along with Clément Janequin he was one of the most renowned composers of French chansons in the early 16th century; in addition he was a significant composer of sacred music. His music was both influential on, and influenced by, contemporary Italian styles.

Christopher Columbus discovered America

1492

Luis de Narváez

1500 - 1555

Was a Spanish composer and vihuelist. Highly regarded during his lifetime, Narváez is known today for Los seys libros del delphín, a collection of polyphonic music for the vihuela which includes the earliest known variation sets. He is also notable for being the earliest composer for vihuela to adapt the contemporary Italian style of lute music.

Cristóbal de Morales

Approx. 1500 - 1553

was a Spanish composer of the Renaissance. He is generally considered to be the most influential Spanish composer before Victoria

Antonio de Cabezón

1510 - 1566

was a Spanish Renaissance composer and organist. Blind from childhood, he quickly rose to prominence as a performer and was eventually employed by the royal family. He was among the most important composers of his time and the first major Iberian keyboard composer.

Publication of Marin Luther 's theses

1517

Andrea Amati

Approx. 1520 - 1580

was a luthier, from Cremona, Italy.Amati is credited with making the first instruments of the violin family that are in the form we use today.According to the National Music Museum in Vermillion, South Dakota.

It was in the workshop of Andrea Amati in Cremona, Italy, in the middle of the 16th century that the form of the instruments of the violin family as we know them today first crystallized.

Several of his instruments survive to the present day, and some of them can still be played.Many of the surviving instruments were among a consignment of 38 instruments delivered to Charles IX of France in 1564.

Giovanni dierluigi da Palestrina

1525 - 1594

Was an Italian Renaissance composer of sacred music and the best-known 16th-century representative of the Roman School of musical composition.[2] He had a lasting influence on the development of church music, and his work has often been seen as the culmination of Renaissance polyphony

Francisco Guerrero

Approx. 1528 - 1599

was a Spanish composer of the Renaissance. He was born and died in Seville.

Henry VIII became supreme head of the Church of England

1531

Conciolio de Trento

1545 - 1563

Was an ecumenical council of the Catholic Church developed in discontinuous periods during twenty-five sessions between the years 1545 and 1563. It took place in Trento, a city of present-day northern Italy, which was then a free imperial city ruled by a prince-bishop.

Trento 's Council

1545

Tomás Luis de Victoria

1548 - 1611

was the most famous composer in 16th-century Spain, and was one of the most important composers of the Counter-Reformation, along with Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina and Orlando di Lasso. Victoria was not only a composer, but also an accomplished organist and singer as well as a Catholic priest. However, he preferred the life of a composer to that of a performer.

Monteverdi

1567 - 1643

Was an Italian composer, gambist, singer, and Catholic priest.
is considered a crucial transitional figure between the Renaissance and the Baroque periods of music history. While he worked extensively in the tradition of earlier Renaissance polyphony, such as in his madrigals, he also made great developments in form and melody and began employing the basso continuo technique, distinctive of the Baroque. Monteverdi wrote one of the earliest operas, L'Orfeo, which is the earliest surviving opera still regularly performed.