Ap World History Period Three Timeline

Krishna Persaud AP World History Suter Hour Five

East Asia

Grand Canal

722 BC

Stared int 722 BC by the King of Wu, carried on throughout the Sui, Tang, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. Credit is given to the Sui Dynasty.

Civil Service Exam

Approx. 581

Strengthened by the Tang and Song Dynasties

Sui Dynasty

589 - 618

Legacy of the Grand Canal

"Flying Cash"

618 - 907

Paper currency of the Tang Dynasty

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907

Credited for the invention of block printing

Tang Taizong

626 - 649

emperor of the Tang dynasty of China, ruling from 626 to 649

Block printing

Approx. 704

Said to have originated in Han China but credited to the Tang; Catalyst for Movable Type which was developed during the Northern Song Dynasty

Nara Dynasty

710 - 784

Nara, the country's first permanent capital, was modeled on the Chinese T'ang dynasty (618–907) capital, Ch'ang-an

Heian Dynasty

794 - 1185

period in Japanese history when Buddhism, Taoism and other Chinese influences were at their height.

Angkor Wat

802 CE - 1431 CE

originally constructed as a Hindu temple of god Vishnu

Song Dynasty

960 - 1279

the first government in world history to issue banknotes or true paper money nationally and the first Chinese government to establish a permanent standing navy. This dynasty also saw the first known use of gunpowder, as well as the first discernment of true north using a compass.

Neo - Confucianism

Approx. 1000

Neo-Confucianism has its origins in the Tang Dynasty

Fast Ripening Rice

1000

Discovered during the Song Dynasty

Yuan Dynasty

1279 - 1368

Ruled by the Mongols; took over the Song Dynasty

Song Taizu's Rule

1368 - 1398

was the founder and first emperor of the Song dynasty in China.

Yongle Encyclopedia

1403 - 1408

Its sheer scope and size made it the world's largest paper-based general encyclopedia

Southeast Asia

South Asia

Islam in India

Approx. 600

Came First Via explorers

Bhakti Movement

800 - 1700

provided an individual-focussed alternative path to spirituality regardless of one's caste of birth or gender

Sultanate of Delhi

1206 - 1526

refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India (1210–1526). It was founded after Muhammad of Ghor defeated Prithvi Raj and captured Delhi in 1192.

Middle East

Khadija

555 - 619

first wife and follower of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

Muhammad

570 CE - 632 CE

Muhammad united Arabia into a single Muslim polity and ensured that his teachings, practices, and the Quran, formed the basis of Islamic religious belief.

Abu Bakr

573 - 634

first openly declared Muslim outside Muhammad's family.

Hijra

622

Muhammad's departure from Mecca to Medina in AD 622

Umayyad Caliphate

661 - 750

second of the four major Arab caliphates established after the death of Muhammad. This caliphate was centered on the Umayyad dynasty, hailing from Mecca.

Abbasid Caliphate

750 - 1258

third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

North/Central Asia

Genghis Khan

1162 - 1227

founder and Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his death

Khubilai Khan

1264 - 1294

fifth Khagan of the Mongol Empire, reigning from 1260 to 1294. Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty

Tamerlane

1336 - 1405

founder of the Timurid Empire in Persia and Central Asia. He was also the first ruler in the Timurid dynasty.

Europe

Byzantine Empire

330 - 1453

continuation of the Roman Empire in the East; Capital at Constantinople

Justinian & Theodora

Approx. 487 - 565

Emperor and Empress of the Byzantine, tied to reconquer the "lost western half"

Justinian's Code

529 - 534

the collections of laws and legal interpretations developed under the sponsorship of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I

Hagia Sophia

532

was a Greek Orthodox Christian patriarchal basilica (church), later an imperial mosque, and now a museum

Reconquista

710 - 1492

Period of history of the Iberian Peninsula spanning approximately 770 years between the Islamic conquest of Hispania in 710 and the fall of the last Islamic state in Iberia at Granada to the expanding Christian kingdoms in 1492.

Vikings (Age)

Approx. 790 - Approx. 1066

period from the earliest recorded raids

Charlemagne (Reign)

Approx. 800 - Approx. 814

King of the Franks and the first Holy Roman Emperor

Holy Roman Empire

962 - 1806

On 25 December 800, Pope Leo III crowned the Frankish king Charlemagne as Emperor, thus the "Holy Roman Empire" began

Prince Vladimir (Reign)

Approx. 980 - Approx. 1015

grand prince of Kiev, and ruler of Kievan Rus' from 980 to 1015

Pope Urban II

1042 - 1099

Ordered the First Crusade

Great Schism

1054

Split between the Eastern and Western Church

William the Conqueror (Reign)

1066 - 1087

First Norman King of England

Battle of Manzikert

1071

fought between the Byzantine Empire and the Seljuq Turks on August 26, 1071 near Manzikert

Scholasticism

1100 - 1500

taught by the academics of medieval universities and cathedrals in the period from the 12th to 16th Century

Thomas Aquinas

1225 - 1274

He was the foremost classical proponent of natural theology and the father of Thomism.

Ottoman Empire

Approx. 1299 - Approx. 1923

1453 captures Constantinople, ending the Byzantine Empire

Hundreds years' war

1338 - 1453

Kingdom of England Vs Kingdom of France; Catalyst for The War of the Roses

Mehmed II (Conqueror)

1432 - 1481

he conquered Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul) and brought an end to the Eastern Roman Empire.

Bartolomeu Dias

1451 - 1500

first European to sail around the southernmost tip of Africa

Vasco De Gama

1469 - 1524

First European to reach India by sea.

Michelangelo

1475 - 1564

Paints the Sistine Chapel

Africa

Bantu Migration

3000 bc - 1000 bc

massive migration of people across Africa

Axum

100 - 940

Christian Kingdom in Northern Ethiopia

Great Zimbabwe

1220 - 1450

Capital of the Kingdom of Zimbabwe and the largest stone structure in precolonial Southern Africa.

Mansa Musa

1280 CE - 1337 CE

Ruler of Mali

Americas

Aztec

Approx. 1427 - Approx. 1519

The empire reached its maximal extent in 1519 just prior to the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors

Inca Empire

Approx. 1438 - Approx. 1533

largest empire in pre-Columbian America, and possibly the largest empire in the world in the early 16th century.

Atahualpa

1497 - 1533

the last Sapa Inca of the Inca Empire before the Spanish conquest

Montezuma (Reign)

1502 - 1520

The ninth ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to 1520.

Oceaina

Global

Leif Erickson

970 - 1020

First known European to discover America

Ibn Battuta

1304 - 1369

He is known for his extensive travels. Over a period of thirty years, visited most of the known Islamic world as well as many non-Muslim lands. His journeys included trips to North Africa, the Horn of Africa, West Africa, Middle East, South Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and China.

Bubonic Plague [1346 - 1353 CE]

1346 - 1353

Originated in China; Spread throughout Europe; Killed Millions

Zheng He's Expeditions

1405 - 1433

Commanded expeditionary voyages to Southeast Asia, South Asia, Western Asia, and East Africa from 1405 to 1433.

Columbus

1451 - 1506

Completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean.