Space exploration



October 4, 1957 - October 23, 1957

The first satellite launched on earth.

sputnik 2

November 3, 1957

Mercury - Red-stone 2

January 31, 1961

freedom 7

May 5, 1961

Mercury-Redstone 3, or Freedom 7, was the first United States human spaceflight, on May 5, 1961, piloted by astronaut Alan Shepard.

gemini missions

April 8, 1964 - November 11, 1966

Project Gemini was NASA's second human spaceflight program. It was a United States space program that started in 1961 and concluded in 1966. Project Gemini was conducted between projects Mercury and Apollo.

mariner 4

November 28, 1964 - December 21, 1967

Mariner 4 was the fourth in a series of spacecraft intended for planetary exploration in a flyby mode. It was designed to conduct closeup scientific observations of Mars and to transmit these observations to Earth.

Apollo 11

July 16, 1969 - July 21, 1969

Apollo 11 was the first spaceflight that landed humans on the Moon. Mission commander Neil Armstrong and pilot Buzz Aldrin landed the lunar module Eagle on July 20, 1969, at 20:18 UTC. Armstrong became the first to step onto the lunar surface six hours later on July 21 at 02:56:15 UTC; Aldrin joined him about 20 minutes later.

Pioneer 10

March 3, 1972 - April 27, 2002

Pioneer 10 is an American space probe, weighing 258 kilograms, that completed the first mission to the planet Jupiter. Thereafter, Pioneer 10 became the first spacecraft to achieve escape velocity from the Solar System.

mariner 10

November 3, 1973

Mariner 10 was an American robotic space probe launched by NASA on November 3, 1973, to fly by the planets Mercury and Venus. Mariner 10 was launched approximately two years after Mariner 9 and was the last spacecraft in the Mariner program.

Voyager 2

August 20, 1977 - Present

Voyager 2 is a space probe launched by NASA on August 20, 1977 to study the outer planets. Part of the Voyager program, it was launched 16 days before its twin, Voyager 1, on a trajectory that took longer to reach Jupiter and Saturn but enabled further encounters with Uranus and Neptune.

voyager 1

September 5, 1977 - Present

Voyager 1 is a space probe launched by NASA on September 5, 1977. Part of the Voyager program to study the outer Solar System, Voyager 1 launched 16 days after its twin, Voyager 2.

Hubble Space Telescope

4/24/1990 - Present

The Hubble Space Telescope is a space telescope that was launched into low Earth orbit in 1990, and remains in operation.


October 15, 1997 - January 14, 2005

Cassini–Huygens is an unmanned spacecraft sent to the planet Saturn. It is a flagship-class NASA–ESA–ASI robotic spacecraft.[4] Cassini is the fourth space probe to visit Saturn and the first to enter orbit, and its mission is ongoing as of 2016. It has studied the planet and its many natural satellites since arriving there in 2004.[

International Space Station

November 20, 1998

The International Space Station is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.

New Horizons Space Mission

January 19, 2006

New Horizons is an interplanetary space probe that was launched as a part of NASA's New Frontiers program.

Kepler Spacecraft

March 7, 2009

Kepler is a space observatory launched by NASA to discover Earth-size planets orbiting other stars. Named after astronomer Johannes Kepler, the spacecraft was launched on March 7, 2009, into an Earth-trailing heliocentric orbit.


11/26/2011 - Present

Curiosity is a car-sized robotic rover exploring Gale Crater on Mars as part of NASA's Mars Science Laboratory mission. As of November 20, 2016, Curiosity has been on Mars for 1526 sols since landing on August 6, 2012.