Environmental Laws

Events

National Park Service Act

August 25, 1916

The purpose of National Park Service Act (NPS) is to conserve nature and historical objects in all 14 national parks and 21 national monuments. It also protects the wildlife to provide the enjoyment in present and to the future generations.

Soil Conservation Act

April 27, 1935

The purpose of Soil Conservation Act was signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. This law helped to control floods, prevent impairment of reservoirs and maintain the navigability of rivers and harbors, protect public health, public lands and relieve unemployment.

Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, Rodenticide Act

1947

The purpose of Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, Rodenticide Act is to set regulations on the pesticide distribution, sale, and use to protect people and the environment. All pesticides use or sales must be registered by EPA

Clean Air Act

1955

The Clean Air Act was passed by the Congress in 1955. In 1955, the purpose of the law was to provide research and technical assistance to control air pollution. The law made the government to be aware of the air pollution problems and the dangers of public health and welfare, agriculture, and other environmental issue from air pollution.

Fish and Wildlife Act

August 8, 1956

The purpose of Fish and Wildlife Act was to provide protection and management of fish and wildlife. It establishes the policy on the commercial fishing industry. It also provide the enjoyment for people which keeps the public opportunities for recreational use of fish and wildlife.

Price-Anderson Act

1957

The main purpose of the Price-Anderson Act is to ensure the availability of funds to the public who is damaged from a nuclear or radiological incident no matter who is liable.

Wilderness Act

September 3, 1964

The Wilderness Act designates wilderness areas and prohibits activities like logging, mining, and construction roadways or any structures. The Act created the National Wilderness Preservation System to manage the nation's protected wilderness areas.

Water Resources Planning Act

1965

The Water Resources Planning Act establish government to overlook the creation and to provide protection of water resource locations.

Land and Water Conservation Act

1965

The purpose of Land and Water Conservation Act is provide fund to governments to purchase land, water and wetlands for the benefits of people.

Water Quality Act

November 10, 1965

The Water Quality Act establishes the water quality standards for watersheds and waterways crosses the state boundaries.

Species Conservation Act

1966

The purpose of this Act is to conserve, restore, and reproduce the endangered species due to the extinction.

National Trails System Act

October 2, 1968

The purpose of the Act was to provide more outdoor recreation needs to expand population and to promote the preservation of outdoor areas and historic resources.

National Environmental Policy Act

1969

The National Environmental Policy Act was created to ensure federal agencies consider the environmental impacts of their actions and decisions.

Clean Water Act

1972

The Clean Water Act establishes the basic structure for regulating pollutant discharges into the waters. The Act sets the standards on the quality of surface water

Marine Mammal Protection Act

October 21, 1972

The MMPA provides the protection of marine mammals in U.S. water from extinction or depletion resulted by human activities. The Act made it illegal to take marine mammals without a permit. People cannot harass, feed, hunt, capture, collect, or kill any marine mammals by law.

Endangered Species Act

December 28, 1973

The Endangered Species Act was created to protect animals and plants that are in danger of extinction.

Safe Drinking Water Act

1974

The purpose of Safe Drinking Water Act is to protect the quality of drinking water in the U.S. The law sets up the minimum standards to protect tap water and requires all public water system to follow the health related standards.

Renewable Resources Planning Act

1974

This Act approves long-range planning by the Forest Service to protect the forest resources for the future supply and to maintain a quality environment.

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

1975

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species or CITES is an international agreement between governments to ensure that any wild animals and plants are harms or threaten by the international trade.

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

1976

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act sets a basic plans to manage non-hazardous solid wastes. It lets EPA to control hazardous waste from transportation, treatment, storage, and disposal.

Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act

1976

This Act approves long-range planning by the Forest Service to protect the forest resources for the future supply and to maintain a quality environment.

Federal Land Policy and Management Act

1976

The purpose of Federal Land Policy and Management Act or FLPMA was to establish a unified and systematic program to manage and preserve public lands that are valued in many ways like historical, ecological, and environmental. This Act manages 261 million acres of public lands.

National Forest Management Act

1976

The purpose of this Act is to set up standards for managing the national forests and to require the development of land management plans for national forests and grasslands. It also makes Forest Service to develop reports of Nation's renewable resources on forests and rangelands.

Soil and Water Conservation Act

1977

The purpose of Soil and Water Conservation Act is to set up a national plan for soil and water conservation on private lands such as farms. USDA is responsible for this Act and they appraises the trends of soil, water and other related resources to meet future demands as well as present, evaluates current and programs, and also develops the conservation program of soil and water to provide activities.

Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act

August 3, 1977

Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act establishes the regulations of surface mining activities and the reclamation of coal-mined lands.

Arctic Conservation Act

1978

Arctic Conservation Act provides protections to native mammals, birds, and their ecosystem in the Arctic areas. The law is applied to all U.S. citizens who visits Antarctica.

Energy Tax Act

1978

Energy Tax Act is part of the National Energy Act. The purpose of this Act was to shift energy from oil to gas and also to promote fuel efficiency and renewable energy through taxes.

Low Level Radioactive Policy Act

1980

Under Low Level Radioactive Policy Act, states are required to give disposal capacity for commercial low-level radioactive waste generated within the state's borders.

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act

1980

This Act is also known as CERCLA or Superfund. The Act provides funds to a Federal to clean up uncontrolled harmful wastes that releases pollutants and contaminates the environment.

Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act

September 29, 1980

The Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act allows the financial and technical support to the states for the development and conservation programs for fish and wildlife.

Nuclear Waste Policy Act

1982

Nuclear Waste Policy Act assists the used of geologic repositories for the safe storage and disposal of radioactive waste. The Act sets procedures to examine repository sites.

Freedom of Information Act

1983

The purpose of this Act is to provide protection to anyone who has the right to access the federal agency records from disclosure by any exemptions provided by the law.

International Environmental Protection Act

1983

The purpose of this Act is to protect and maintain wildlife and their habitats. It also provides conservation by the Agency for International Development.

Food Security Act

1985

Food Security Act lowered commodity price and income supports. The Act also established a dairy herd buyout program.

Emergency Wetlands Resources Act

November 10, 1986

The purpose of the Act is to conserve wetlands for the public benefits and to help international obligations in various migratory bird treaties and conventions.

Montreal Protocol

September 16, 1987

Montreal Protocol is an international agreement to protect the stratospheric ozone layer. It regulated the production and use of chemicals that contribute the depletion of ozone layer.

Ocean Dumping Ban Act

1988

The purpose of this Act was to ban ocean dumping of municipal sewage sludge and industrial waste.

Madrid Protocol

1989

Madrid Protocol is an international treaty that provides a cost effective and efficient way for trademark holders. It provides protection for their marks in multiple countries with paying fees.

Lacey Act

1990

The Lacey Act prohibits the trade of wildlife, fish, or plants that are possessed, transported, or sold. Plant products such as timber and paper are also prohibited by the law.

Waste Reduction Act

1990

The purpose of Waste Reduction Act was to reduce the production and disposal of waste by encouraging people to develop practices and programs for reduction of waste and to ensure the use of resources and the environments for future use.

Environmental Education Act

1990

The purpose of Environmental Education Act is to provide more local education about environment and to support and improve awareness of environmental issues. EPA established the Office of Environmental Education to enact the program.

Pollution Prevention Act

1990

The purpose of this Act is to reduce the pollution by cost effective source reduction practices such as decreasing the amount of contaminant substances released into the environment.

California Desert Protection Act

1994

California Desert Protection Act preserves 2 national monuments, 5 wilderness areas, and other protections for other places. The purpose of the Act is to protect and preserve the desert lands found in southern California and to own them for wildland resource.

Food Quality Protection Act

1996

The purpose of Food Quality Protection Act is to reduce pesticide use in food and to set up strict standards for public health protection. Under the law, EPA is especially required to protect infants and children from pesticides in food or from exposure of pesticides.

Kyoto Protocol

1997

The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement between the world's industrial nations to reduce greenhouse gases to prevent global warming