History Timeline of the Apache Wars

Events

The Apache in conflict with Mexicans who put a bounty on Apache scalps

1835

Geronimo admitted to Council of the Warriors

1846

The Jicarilla War fought between the Jicarilla Apaches and Ute warriors against the United States

1849

The family of Geronimo are massacred by Mexican soldiers

1858

Miners search for gold on Apache homelands, conflicts arise and the Apache retaliate

1860

Chiricahua Wars (1860–1886) - their chief is Cochise

1860 - 1886

Various Apache tribes form an alliance. Lieutenant George Bascom falsely accuses Cochise, the leader of the Chiricahua Apaches, of mounting Apache raids

1861

1861 - 1900 Apache Wars in Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. Leaving the reservation attacks were made on outposts led by Geronimo and Cochise. Geronimo surrendered in 1886

1861 - 1900

Battle of Apache Pass

1862

Battle of Dragoon Springs - Apache fight confederate soldiers

1862

Camp Grant Massacre at the Aravaipa camp. Women and children killed and the survivors sold as slaves

1871

Peace Treaty signed by Cochise and the US. Apaches granted a small, permanent reservation in the Dragoon Mountains of Southeastern Arizona

1872

Mexican troops attack Juh’s band of Apaches. Campaign against Apache Indians in Arizona and New Mexico

1873

Death of Cochise

1874

Treaty of 1872 broken by US - Apaches forced to move to the San Carlos Reservation

1876

Victorio's War (1879–1880)

1879 - 1880

The Alma Massacre - Chihennes Apaches led by Victorio attack miners

1880

Geronimo's War (1881–1886)

1881 - 1886

Mexico and the United States agree that either nation may cross the border when in pursuit of hostile Indians

1882

Many Apaches surrender and are forced on to the terrible San Carlos Reservation

1883

Geronimo escapes to Mexico and encourages renegade Apaches to leave the reservation. A treaty is signed with General Crook

1885

Geronimo surrenders to General Miles at Skeleton Canyon, Arizona Territory - he is never allowed to return home and is with many other Apaches treated as a prisoner of war

1886

Geronimo leads President Theodore Roosevelt’s Inaugural Parade.

1905

Geronimo died of pneumonia on February 17, 1909 as a prisoner of the United States at Fort Sill, Oklahoma

1909

Apaches are divided when some choose to live on reservations in New Mexico whilst others remain in Oklahoma

1913