Children of Abraham

Simplified chart of 3 religions of the book

Judaism

Patriarchs

2000 BC - 1750 BC

Jews Escape from Egypt

Approx. 1200 BCE - Approx. 1100 BCE

Moses led the Hebrew out of Egypt and they were no longer slaves. This gave them the ability to practice their faith and establish their own community.

King David

Approx. 950 BCE - Approx. 850 bce

Under his rule King David established the formation of a coherent Jewish Kingdom.

Destruction of 1st Temple, Fall of southern kingdom of Judah to Babylonians

586 BCE

The Jews were forced out of Jerusalem once the Bablyonians took over, which was a major blow to the Jewish faith as this is the holy land.

Second Temple in Jerusalem

516 BCE - 70 CE

Destruction of Jerusalem & the 2nd Temple

70 AD

This event precipitated the eventual separation of Judaism and Christianity and helped to insure the production of "Scriptures" for both Judaism & Christianity.

Mishnah published

Approx. 150 a.d. - Approx. 200 a.d.

"Study by repetition" is the first major written redaction of the Jewish oral traditions known as the "Oral Torah". It is also the first major work of Rabbinic literature

Talmud published

Approx. 450 a.d. - Approx. 500 a.d.

Talmud is the Mishnah together with commentary on the Mishnah.

First Crusade

1095 CE

This was a war between Christianity and Isam. The Jews were expected to convert to Christianity and help fight against the Muslims. Failure to do so resulted in their death. This tested the faith of many Jews and rehashed discrimination towards Jews.

Jews exiled from Europe

1306 a.d.

After years of war, King Philp was short money and needed a plan to rid Frances debts. Therefore, he exiled the Jews and sold their belongings.

Expulsion of Jews from Spain

1492

the entire Jewish community, some 200,000 people, were expelled from Spain.

Holocaust

1939 CE

The rise of the NAZI party caused the deaths of 6 million Jews. These mass killings occured because the NAZI party felt the Jews were to be held responsible for the world problems as they were once gods chosen ones. Jews who were placed in concentration camps had their faith tested as many rethought the purpose god, this is known as the Shoah.

State of Israel

1948 CE

The Jews reclaimed their Independence and established the state of Israel. This guranteed the rights of Jews and established Jewish law and tradition.

Christianity

Life of Jesus

4 BCE

The five major milestones in the New Testament narrative of the life of Jesus are his Baptism, Transfiguration, Crucifixion, Resurrection and Ascension.

Paul spreads Christianity

Approx. 40 CE - Approx. 67 CE

Paul was an Apostle to Jesus Christ and after his death he claimed that Jesus came to him. He spent the rest of his life spreading Christ s lessons across the Roman Empire. He is seen as one of the first great teachers of Christianity. His letters would become part of the New Testament.

Gentile Christians accepted

48 CE

First gospel published

65 CE - Approx. 75 CE

Destruction of Jerusalem

70 AD

The Jewish Revolt marked the end of the Jewish state until modern times. The destruction of the temple also signified a change in the Jews’ worship (although that change had begun as Jews had been scattering throughout the world for at least six hundred years). The first destruction of the temple, by the Babylonians in 586 B.C., had forced the Jews to become people of the Book. The temple’s sad end slammed the door on the Jew’s sacrificial system. They adjusted, of course, creating new rituals for home and synagogue. But the Sanhedrin was dissolved, and the center of Jewish religion moved to the educational institutions of Jamnia.

Christianity legal

313 CE

converts to Christianity. This historic time was when Christianity finally was legalized and made the formal faith. The persecution of Christians was brought to an end. Now even the emperor, the most powerful person of the empire was practicing the faith.

Great Schism

1054 CE

Pope Leo IX excommunicated the patriarch of Constantinople. The various factors of the differences between the two sides of the church had become so severe that Pope Leo IX excommunicated the leader at Constantinople. This set permanently the Roman Catholics of Rome to the West apart from the Greek Orthodox of Constantinople to the East.

First Crusade

1095 CE

Constantinople falls

1453 CE

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

Martin Luther was a German monk who posted the complaints about the churches selling indulgences. He had experienced an enlightenment that justification to the lord could be achieved by faith alone. He did not think that the indulgences needed to be bought. He was excommunicated and barely escaped with his life. However, his teaching gathered many followers and his ideas spread across all of Europe.

30 years war

1618 CE - 1648 CE

Age of Reason vs Religious Revival

Approx. 1648 CE - Approx. 1900

This was a time of science and reasonable thinking. Things were studied and many drifted away from religion. However, all through out this time period there were also times of big religious revival and faith. It was at the time a large controversy. Some of the important ministers of the time who created religious faith with their sermons were George Whitefield and Jonathan Edwards. John Wesley approached it differently than his friend Whitefield and he founded the Methodists.

The Great Awakening

1730 CE - 1760 CE

Islam

Life of Muhammad

570 CE

Muhammad is the central figure of Islam and widely regarded as its founder by non-Muslims. He is known as the "Holy Prophet" to Muslims, almost all of whom consider him to be the last prophet sent by God to mankind to restore Islam, believed by Muslims to be the unaltered original monotheistic faith of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets.

Revelations of Muhammad

610 CE

The Revelations of Muhammad happened over a period of twenty three years, in which the Qur an was revealed to Muhammad by the angel Gabriel. This caused the formation of Islam led by the prophet Muhammad and impacted the world by creating a new religion that relied on forming religion based empires to spread their religion, as opposed to preexisting empires. Islam is now the second largest religion in the world and the fastest growing.

Hegira: Year 1 of Muslim calendar

622 CE

A plot to assassinate Muhammad was discovered, so Muhammad quickly fled to Medina with his followers. He would late go back to Mecca with his followers and conquer it. This pilgrimage allowed of the continuation of Islam and avoided it s persecution. Present day muslims also make a journey to Mecca as one of the high pillars of Islam, the hajj.

Death of Muhammed

632 CE

Muhammad returned to live in Medina. In the next three years, he consolidated most of the Arabian Peninsula under Islam. In March, 632, he returned to Mecca one last time to perform a pilgrimage, and tens of thousands of Muslims joined him.

After the pilgrimage, he returned to Medina. Three months later on June 8, 632 he died there, after a brief illness. He is buried in the mosque in Medina. Within a hundred years Muhammad's teaching and way of life had spread from the remote corners of Arabia as far east as Indo-China and as far west as Morocco, France and Spain.

Muslim armies take control of the Fertile Crescent

633 CE - 642 CE

The Fertile Crescent is noted throughout history as a place of great innovation and agricultural surplus. Muslim control of the Fertile Crescent was a crucial cornerstone in enlarging and spreading Islam through it s wonderful location. Because of the growth of Islam and the control of the Fertile Crescent, this area remains highly muslim today.

Modern day Qur'an complied

650 CE

The Qur an is important because it helped to spread the message of Islam. It gave an outlet so that anyone could learn about the faith and allowed the record of Muhammad s teaching and findings to never be altered. The Qur an is still important in Islam today for the same reasons it was important throughout history. It gives an outlook on what Islam is all about.

Ali becomes fourth caliph

656 CE

death of Hussein marks beginning of the Shi at Ali (party of Ali)

680 CE

Muslims enter Spain and India

711 CE

Muslim empire reaches its furthest extent.

732 CE

They are defeated at Poitiers in France by Charles Martel

Reign of Harun al-Rashid

786 CE - 809 CE

During his reign, Islam reached a sort of golden age with innovation across multiple areas of life rapidly increasing. The most notable achievement can be seen in the writing of One Thousand and One Nights, whose modern version is commonly named Arabian Nights. This piece of literature is impotent throughout history and is a classic example of certain examples of satire and storytelling.

First Crusade

1095 CE

This was a war between Christianity and Isam. The Jews were expected to convert to Christianity and help fight against the Muslims. Failure to do so resulted in their death. This tested the faith of many Jews and rehashed discrimination towards Jews.

Life of Averroes

1126 CE - 1198 CE

or Ibn Rushd, is arguably the most important philosopher to come out of Islam, even Dante puts him next to Aristotle in one of his books. He combined ideas from religion and logic and transformed a lot of people s views. His work caused Aristotle s work to be popularized, leading to several scholarly developments in the Middle Ages.

Saladin declares himself sultan

1174 CE

self-declared himself ruler of Egypt and Syria and led the Muslim opposition against the Franks and Crusades. Through his leadership, Muslim forces were able to put an end to the chaotic crusades and allowed the recapturing of certain places that had been seized such as Palestine. Yet instead of being hated by Europeans, he was more often than not respected because of his chivalrous ways.

The earliest Ottoman state formed in what is now Turkey

1299 CE

Constantinople Conquered

1453 CE

conquer Byzantine seat of Constantinople and change its name to Istanbul

ca. 30% of Africans forced into slavery in US are Muslim

Approx. 1800 CE - 1865 CE

Pakistan founded as Islamic nation

1947 CE

Palestinian Exodus (Nakba: "catastrophe")

1948

occurred when more than 700,000 Palestinian Arabs fled or were expelled from their homes, during the 1948 Palestine war.[2] The term "nakba" also refers to the period of war itself and events affecting Palestinians from December 1947 to January 1949.

Iranian Revolution

1979 CE