US History 1870 - 1900

West

Events Happening in the Western Front of the United States

Hunters Begin to Decimate Bison Herds

1870 - 1880

The decimation of the bison herds was a creative and cruel tool in the systematic removal and destruction of the Native American population.

"Big Bonanza" discovered on Comstock Lode

Approx. 1873

The Comstock Lode, a massive lode of silver ore, was discovered near Mt. Davidson in Nevada.

Discovery of Gold in the Black Hills

Approx. 1874

The discovery of gold in the west led to a new frontier that people of all ethnicities and backgrounds were rushing to.

Battle of Little Big Horn

June 25, 1876

Custer makes his final stand on the Lakota plains as he looses the battle to the Natives.

Sitting Bull Surrenders

1881

Sitting Bull, a Lakota HolyMan, led a Native American uprising against the US Government, in 1881 he surrendered.

Dawes Allotment Act

1887

The Dawes Allotment Act allowed the US Government to break up Native American reservation and give land to individual Natives. This decreased the total land owned by the Natives.

Oklahoma Land Rush

1889 - 1896

The Oklahoma Land Rush (also known as the Land Run of 1893) was the rush to claim government land in the area that would become northern Oklahoma, by speculators and homesteaders.

Wounded Knee Massacre

December 29th, 1890

The Wounded Knee Massacre was the killing of over 150 Lakota Men, Women, and Children by the US Army.

East

Events Happening in the East of the United States

John D. Rockefeller Incorporates Standard Oil Company

Approx. 1870

Construction of the Brooklyn Bridge

1870 - 1884

The Brooklyn Bridge,one of the earliest and largest suspension bridges of its time, was a symbol of American ingenuity and immigration. Its construction spanned 14 years and costed the lives of countless immigrants.

Andrew Carnegie builds Bessemer steel plant

Approx. 1872

Andrew Carnegie builds the largest, most up-to-date Bessemer steel plant in the world.

Wall Street Panic and Depression

1873

A major wall street panic leads to major economic depression.

Alexander Graham Bell Demonstrates the Telephone.

1876

The invention of the telephone revolutionized both the communication industry, but other industries that relied on effective communication.

Southern and Eastern European Immigration Increases

1880 - 1890

During the 1800s immigration from southern and eastern European countries drastically increased, this contrasted the mainly western and northern European immigration from before.

Washington Monument Completed

1885

Ellis Island Opens

1892

Ellis Island was opened in New York Harbor to help process the influx of immigrants to the United States.

Wall Street Panic Touches off Economic Depression

1893

First Subway System is Opened

1897

In Boston, the nation's first subway system is opened for operation.

Wright Brothers' First Flight

1903

Country as a Whole

This group includes events that effected the entire country.

US Census finds that 80% of the Population Lives in Rural Areas

1870

15th Amendment Ratified

1870

In 1870 the 15th Amendment was ratified, giving African Americans the right to vote, but not women.

Woman's Temperance Movement

1874 - 1900

The Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) is formed.

Civil Rights Act

1875

The Civil Rights Act, sometimes called Enforcement Act or Force Act, was enacted to guarantee African Americans equal treatment in public accommodations, public transportation, and to prohibit jury duty exclusion.

Chinese Exclusion Act

1882

Signed by President Chester Arthur, the Chinese Exclusion Act prohibited the immigration of all Chinese laborers.

WCTU Calls for Woman Suffrage

1884

Frances Willard, head of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, calls for woman suffrage.

Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) Is Created

1887

President Grover Cleveland Enforces Monroe Doctrine

1895

President Grover Cleveland enforces the Monroe Doctrine in the border dispute between British Guiana and Venezuela.

US Census Finds 66% of Population Lives In Rural Areas

1900

This number is low in comparison to the 1870 census which found that 80% of the population lived in rural areas.