⅗’s Compromise: 1787 counts African Americans as ⅗ of a person when counting for the population.
Invention of Cotton Gin
Invention of Cotton Gin: 1794 the cotton gin was invented, and it allowed the south to make more money, but also increased the demand for slaves
Invention of the Steam Engine
The steam Engine was refined, and allowed transportation to increase, increasing the amount of slaves needed in the south to allow cash crops to be produced faster, to be shipped faster.
Missouri Compromise of 1820
Missouri Compromise of 1820: When Missouri was established, a line was created across the U.S in which the states above it would be free states, and the states below would be slave states
Tariff on Foreign Goods
Tariff on Foreign Goods: 1828, Tariff created on foreign goods, which drastically hurts the southern economy, as they have no manufacturing, while the North has alot. One of the Economical causes of the civil war
Mexican-American War 1846-1848, gained new territory, but dispute on whether the new states established should be free or slave states
Underground railroad: 1850, A series of routes where people for african american rights would use to help fugitive slaves escape to Canada. The most famous leader of the railroad was harriet tubman
Fugitive Slave Law
Fugitive Slave Law: 1850, If a slave escaped from an owner, citizens of both the free and slave states were required to act.
Compromise of 1850
Compromise of 1850: Stopped Slave trade in Washington D.C, established California as a free state, allowed Utah and New Mexico to vote or be a slave or free state
Publishing of Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Publishing of Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1852: Literature written about the experience of an African American that shows the moral controversy of slavery.
Bleeding Kansas: 1854, When voting to become a free or slave state, people from other states came to vote, and both created violence and terror during the voting.
Kansas-Nebraska Act: 1854, Decides that Kansas and Nebraska will vote to be a slave or free state
Dred Scott Case
Dred Scott Case: 1857, Scott went to court when he believed he had the right to be free when moving to a free state, but the judge denied him a trial as he never had the right to testify in court as a slave.
Harper’s Ferry Raid
Harper’s Ferry Raid: 1859, A Town in West Virginia that was invaded by John Brown and his supporters in hope of inspiring the slaves to join his invasion, although his invasion was stopped by Robert E. Lee
Lincoln’s Election: 1860, Lincoln elected as president, although South hates him as he is against slavery, causing them to want to separate themselves
Civil War: Officially starts 1861, ends officially in 1865
Attack on Ft. Sumter
Attack on Ft. Sumter: 1861, First Battle of the civil war, Anderson refuses to leave the fort as the South claims it, and surrounds the fort leading to their surrender of the fort.
Gettysburg Address: 1863, Speech by Abraham Lincoln that defined all of the Union's goals, and inspired the people to fight the war.
Emancipation Act: 1863, Gives the war a moral purpose to end slavery, and prevents foreign nations from helping the South
The start of the reconstruction and unification of the south, which involved the end of slavery. While Abraham Lincoln believed we should try to be friendlier towards the south, Andrew Johnson had a more strict approach.