APEuro - Period 2 (1648-1815)

Eras

Scientific Revolution

1500 - 1700

Absolutism

1600 - 1750

The Enlightenment

1650 - 1800

Agricultural Revolution

1700 - 1800

Industrial Revolution

1750 - 1850

The French Revolution

1789 - 1799

The Age of Napoleon

1799 - 1815

Wars

War of Devolution

1667 - 1668

Dutch War

1672 - 1678

War of Spanish Succession

1702 - 1713

Utrecht Treaty

1713

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

Seven Years War

1756 - 1763

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

Events

Francis Bacon

1561 - 1626

Thomas Hobbes

1588 - 1679

Rene Descartes

1596 - 1650

Blaise Pascal

1623 - 1662

John Locke

1632 - 1704

Benedict de Spinoza

1632 - 1677

Descarte’s “Discourse on Method”

1637

Leviathan

1651

Pascal's "Pensées"

1669

Baron de Montesquieu

1689 - 1755

Two Treatises of Government

1690

Locke's "Essay Concerning Human Understanding"

1690

Voltaire

1694 - 1778

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

1712 - 1778

Denis Diderot

1713 - 1784

Montesquieu's "Persian Letters"

1721

Adam Smith

1723 - 1790

Immanuel Kant

1724 - 1804

Beccaria

1738 - 1794

Hume's "Treatise on Human Nature"

1740

Montesquieu's "Spirit of the Laws"

1748

Diderot's "Encyclopedia"

1751

Mary Wollstonecraft

1759 - 1797

Rousseau's "Social Contract"

1762

Rousseau's "Émile"

1762

Beccaria's "On Crimes and Punishments"

1764

Smith's 'Wealth of Nations'

1776

Wollstonecraft's "Vindication of the Rights of Woman"

1792

Sci Rev

Nicolaus Copernicus

1473 - 1543

Paracelsus

1493 - 1541

Andreas Vesalius

1514 - 1564

Copernicus: On the Rev. of Heavenly Spheres

1543

Vesalius's "On the Fabric of the Human Body"

1543

Tycho Brahe

1546 - 1601

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

Johannes Kepler

1571 - 1630

Inductive reasoning is used to progress the scientific method

1580

Galileo's "The Starry Messenger"

1610

Galileo provides evidence for heliocentricity and is put on trial by the Church

1610 CE - 1611 CE

Margaret Cavendish

1623 - 1673

Robert Boyle

1627 - 1691

Harvey's "On the Motion of the Heart and Blood"

1628

Anton van Leeuwenhoek

1632 - 1723

Isaac Newton

1642 - 1727

Cavendish's "Grounds of Natural Philosophy"

1668

Isaac Newton's "Principia"

1687

Marian's "The Insects of Surinam"

1705

Winkelmann applies to be assistant astronomer

1710

Antoine Lavoisier

1743 - 1794

France

Louis XIII

1610 - 1643

Cardinal Richelieu

1624 - 1642

Cardinal Mazarin

1642 - 1661

Louis XIV

1643 - 1715

Louis XV

1715 - 1774

Louis XVI

1774 - 1792

National Assembly

1789 - 1791

Abbe Sieyes "What is the Third Estate?"

1789

Estates General Meeting

May 5, 1789

Tennis Court Oath

June 20, 1789

Storming of the Bastille

July 14, 1789

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

August 26, 1789

Women's March on Versailles

October 5, 1789

Legislative Assembly

1791 - 1792

Execution of Louis XVI

January 21, 1793

Reign of Terror

September 5, 1793 - July 28, 1794

The Directory

1795 - 1799

The Consulate

1799 - 1804

Napoleon's coup d'état

November 9, 1799

Emperor Napoleon I

1804 - 1815

Code Napoléon

1804

Coronation of Napoleon

December 2, 1804

Invasion of Russia

1812

Battle of Nations

October 1813

Exile to Elba

April 11, 1814

Congress of Vienna

September 1814 - June 1815

Escape from Elba

March 1, 1815

The Hundred Days

March 20 1815 - July 8 1815

Battle of Waterloo

June 18, 1815

Exile to St. Helena

October 15, 1815 - May 5, 1821

Prussia

Frederick William

1640 - 1688

"The Great Elector"

Frederick I

1688 - 1713

"The Ostentatious"

Frederick William I

1713 - 1740

"The Soldiers' King"

Frederick William I

1713 - 1740

Frederick II

1740 - 1786

Frederick the Great

Frederick II

1740 - 1786

Austria

Ferdinand II

1619 - 1637

Habsburg

Ferdinand III

1637 - 1657

Leopold I

1658 - 1705

Charles VI

1711 - 1740

Empress Maria Teresa

1717 - 1780

Joseph II

1780 - 1790

Russia

Romanov Dynasty

1613 - 1917

Michael Romanov

1613 - 1645

Peter the Great

1689 - 1725

Catherine the Great

1762 - 1796

Pugachev's Rebellion

1773 - 1775

England

King James I

1603 - 1625

Charles I

1625 - 1649

Petition of Right

1628

Short Parliament

1640

Long Parliament/Short Parliament

1640 - 1648

English Civil Wa

1642 - 1648

Interregnum

1649 - 1660

Oliver Cromwell

1649 - 1660

King Charles II

1660 - 1685

Restoration of the Monarchy

Habeas Corpus Act

1679

Glorious Revolution

1688

Toleration Act

1689

Act of Settlement

1701

Act of Union

1707

King George I

1714 - 1727

Robert Walpole

1721 - 1742

King George II

1727 - 1760

King George III

1760 - 1820

Art and Culture

Mannerism

1520 - 1600

Miguel Cervantes

1547 - 1616

William Shakespeare

1564 - 1616

Claudio Monteverdi

1567 - 1643

Christ Healing the Blind (El Greco)

1570

Cleansing of the Temple (El Greco)

1594

Baroque

1600 - 1750

Don Quixote (Cervantes)

1605

John Milton

1608 - 1674

The Lamentation (Reubens)

1611

The Elevation of the Cross (Reubens)

1611

Judith Beheading Holofernes (Gentileschi)

1618

Jean Baptiste Moliere

1622 - 1673

The Anatomy Lecture (Rembrandt)

1632

The Garden of Love

1632

Christ on the Cross (Velazquez)

1632

Self-Portrait: The Artist (Gentileschi)

1639

Jean Racine

1639 - 1699

French Classicism

1650

George Frederich Handel

1685 - 1759

Johann Sebastian Bach

1685 - 1750

Rococo

1715 - 1800

Franz Joseph Haydn

1732 - 1809

Franz Joseph Haydn

1732 - 1809

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

1756 - 1791

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

1756 - 1791

Jacques-Louis David's "Death of Socrates"

1787

Gibbon's "Decline and Fall the Roman Empire"

1794