History of medicine


Ancient Times

4000 BC - 3000 BC

During this time it Believed that illness and disease was caused by evil spirits and demons. Would perform ceremonies and use plants and herbs

Ancient Egyptians

3000 BC - 300 BC

Were the earliest known people to maintain a health record. They used magic and plants to cure illnesses

Ancient Chinese

1700 BC - 220 BC

the use of dissection was prohibited. The belief was that in order to cure someone you had to treat the whole body by curing its spirit by the use of herbs and acupuncture.

Ancient Greeks

1200 BC - 200 BC

the start of modern medical science began here because they observed the human body and the effects it has on diseases. Hippocrates was the father of medicine.

Ancient Romans

753 BC - 410 AD

where the earliest known hospitals happened. Began the use of public health by using sanitation systems. This include sewers, and filtering systems

Dark ages

400 AD - 800 AD

Were focused on saving the soul and study of medicine was not allowed. Main cure for illness was prayer. Used herbs and the average life span was 20 to 30 years

Middle ages

800 AD - 1200 AD

began the continuation of the medical practices of Greeks and Romans. The outbreak of smallpox, diptheria, tuberculosis, typhoid and the plague happened.
Rhazes an Arab Physician began the use of animal gut as suture for material and he diognosed observations and signs of symptoms

The Renaissance

1350 AD - 1650 AD

The rebirth of science. Leonardo and Michelangelo started the use of dissection which allowed a better understanding of anatomy and physiology. The development of printing allowed for knowledge to be spread.

The 16th and 17th century

1501 - 1700

the causes of many diseases were still not known. Anton Van Leeuwenhoek invented the microscope in 1666
Apothecaries made and prescribed ans sold medication

!8th century

1701 - 1800

Gabriel fahrenheit invented the first thermometer in 1714
Dr. Jesse Bennet perform the first successful c-section in 1794
Edward Jenner developed the vaccination for small pox in 1796

19th century

1801 - 1900

James Bundell perform first successful blood transfusion in 1818
Florence NightinGale founded modern nursing
Joseph Lister started using disinfectians ans antiseptics during surgery to prevent infection
Clara Barton founded the American Red cross in 1881
Louis Pasteur proved microorganisms caused disease

20th century

1901 - 2000

First liver transplant in 1963
First heart transplant in 1967
First lung transplant in 1964
first larynx transplant in 1998

21st century


The first face transplant happened in 2005
The human genome project started in 2003
adult stem cells where use to treat disease in the early 2000s
virus that caused SARS was identified in 2003
NIH found teeth could be used for stem cells in 2003