History of ships and boats

Events

Prehistory and ancient times

10000 BCE

First boats include rafts, skin, hide and bark boats, kayaks, and dugouts.

Prehistory and ancient times

5000 BCE

Mesopotamian sailors invent sails.

Prehistory and ancient times

3000 BCE

Ancient Egyptians make the first boats from wooden planks.

Middle Ages

300

Vikings invent clinker building.

Middle Ages

1200

The central rudder starts to replace the "steerboard."

Middle Ages

1400

Most large ships are wooden-built and sail powered, and include cogs, carracks, galleys, and galleons.

The great age of shipping

1777

First iron-hulled boat is built (in England).

The great age of shipping

1783

Marquis d'Abbans(1751-1832) builds the first steamboat.

The great age of shipping

1800

Regular "packet shipping" services are established, sailing to timetables. Fast clipper ships set sailing records

Modern Ships

1900

Wealthy people enjoy the romantic, luxurious age of ocean travel onboard liners such as the Maurentania, Lusitania, and Aquitania.

Modern Ships

1906

Enrico Forlanini invents the hydrofoil. Telephone pioneer Alexander Graham Bell also plays a part in its development.

Modern Ships

1912

A "practically unsinkable" luxury liner called Titanic secures a place in history as the most famous ocean catastrophe of all time when it hits an iceberg and sinks, killing over 1500 people.