Superconductors

Events

Onnes Liquefies Helium with the Linde Machine

1908

Dewar and Fleming predict Superconductivity

1908

Onnes Discovers Superconductivity from 0 Resistance of Mercury

1911

Haas and Keesom discover superconductivity in an Alloy

1931

Meissner and Ochsenfeld discover the expulsion of the magnetic field (Meissner Effect)

1933

BCS Theory Published

1957

Josephson predicts that a current will pass between two superconductors separated by an insulating barrier

1962

Superconductivity discovered in salt (first organic material at ambient pressure) by Klaus Bechgaard

1981

Superconductivity in a Ceramic material discovered at 30 degrees kelvin

1986

Paul Chu discovers superconductivity at 93 degrees kelvin in a compound called YBCO (containing copper, oxygen and barium)

1987

Jun Akimitsu announces Magnesium Diboride (cheap chemical) is a superconductor at 39 degrees kelvin

2001

Discovery of a method of isolating superconductors from non-superconducting materials.

2005

Hosono discovers an iron compound that is a superconductor

2006

Record superconductivity near 175 degrees kelvin has been found

2007

Signs of superconductivity over 212K in a tin copper oxide superconductor

2008

Observations of Superconductivity at 254 degrees Kelvin

2010

German Physicists achieve superconductivity at room temperature!

2014

CERN confirms Magnesium Diboride a good choice for conduction of current up to 20,000A over long distance (further tests to take place)

2014

Researchers at the University of Houston have reported a new method for inducing superconductivity in non-superconducting materials

October 2016