Ancient Egypt


Old Kingdom

2700 B.C.E - 2200 B.C.E

The Old Kingdom (also know as Age of Pyramids) lasted from about 2700 to 2200 B.C.E. Pharaohs set up a strong central government They also had great pyramids built as tombs for themselves.

Middle Kingdom

2000 B.C.E - 1800 B.C.E

Middle kingdom (also known as Reunification) lasted from about 2000 to 1800 B.C.E. Egyptians enjoyed many great achievements in literature, art, and architecture.

New Kingdom

Approx. 1600 B.C.E - Approx. 1100 B.C.E

New Kingdom (also known as Egypt's Golden Age) lasted from about 1600 to 1100 B.C.E. In this time peace and stability, ancient Egypt’s power reached its height. Pharaohs increased trade and had huge monuments built.


1473 B.C.E - 1458 B.C.E

Hatshepsut was the first woman to rule. she ruled from 1473 B.C.E to 1458 B.C.E

Ghana Empire

830 - 1235

The Ghana Empire or Wagadou Empire was located in what is now southeastern Mauritania, and Western Mali. Most of our information about the economy of Ghana comes from merchants, and therefore we know more about the commercial aspects of its economy, and less about the way in which the rulers and nobles may have obtained agricultural products through tribute or taxation. Given the scattered nature of the Arabic sources and the ambiguity of the existing archaeological record, it is difficult to determine when and how Ghana declined and fell.

Mali Empire

1230 - 1600

The empire was founded by Sundiata Keita and became renowned for the wealth of its rulers, especially Mansa Musa.Contemporary historians present during the height and decline of the Mali Empire consistently record its army at 100,000 with 10,000 of that number being made up of cavalry.

Songhai Empire

1500 - 1600

The Songhai Empire was a state located in western Africa. Songhai was one of the largest Islamic empires in history. Economic trade existed throughout the Empire, due to the standing army stationed in the provinces. Upper classes in society converted to Islam while lower classes often continued to follow traditional religions.