The city was located on the Nile just south of a cataract, or stretch of rapids
Egyptian writing system
pharaohs set up a strong government, the pharaohs had great tombs built for themselves, also known as the Age of the Pyramids
he rulled in the old kingdom. Khufu built the pyramids it took 20 years. it took 20,000 bricks.
also know as the Period of Reunification, the period where Egyptians enjoyed the achievements in literature, art, and architecture
Made the white Chapel, it had a thin layer of gold it was a token apart and put back together.
a huge stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics
known as Egypt’s Golden Age, represented peace and stability, the power of Ancient Egypt reached its highest, trade increased, and pharaohs had huge monuments built
The Morocco set out to Songhai with advanced weapons and guns.
Encouraging trades, loyal advisers in government, the temple of Dayralbahi the main part was above the Nile river with two tall mountains called Obelilsks.
When Mansa Musa died, his son Maghan took the throne. Raiders from the south poured into Mali and he couldn't stop them. The raiders set fire to Timbuktu's great schools and mosques. Mali never fully recovered from the terrible blow. The empire continued to weaken and decline.. and in 1431 the Tuareg seized Timbuktu.
through his journey, Mansa Musa introduced his empire to the Islamic world. He spread Mali's fame far and wide.
religion was very important to Mansa. He left Mali on a pilgrimage to Manca in 1324.
the empire was invaded, overgrazed, and had internal rebellion
Kush regained strength and conjured Egypt, because they lost power.
when armies from Kush swept into Egypt and conquered it
This Empire grew rich from the trans-Saharan trade in gold and salt. The trade produced increasing surplus, allowing for larger urban centers. It also encouraged territorial expansion to gain control over the l trade routes.
The Mali Empire flourished because of trade. It contained three immense gold mines within its borders, which was only a transit point for gold. The empire taxed every ounce of gold or salt. By the beginning of the 14th century, Mali was the source oft half the Old World’s gold exported from mines in Bambuk, Boure and Galam.
Trade existed throughout the Empire, due to the standing army stationed in the provinces.economy was based on a clan system. The clan a person belonged to ultimately decided their occupation. The most common were metalworkers, fishermen, and carpenters. Lower caste participants consisted of mostly non-farm working immigrants, who at times were provided special privileges and held high positions in society.