Early Civilizations


Kingdom of Kush

3500 BC - 2000 BC

The city was located alone the Nile just south of a cataract or stretch of rapids.

First Historical Records of Kush

3500 BC - 2000 BC

When the armies from Kush swept into Egypt and conquered it.

Kush conquers Egypt

3500 BC - 2000 BC

conquers Egypt and takes control of Egypt.


3300 BC.

Hieroglyphics is a type of writing system in early Egyptian.

Old Kingdom

2575 BC - 2134 BC

During this time they also had great pyramids built as tombs for themselves. The old kingdom lasted in Egyptian for about 500 years.

The Pharaoh Khufu

2551 B.C.E - 2528 B.C.E

Khufu was the pharaoh who build the pyramid he ruled in the old kingdom.

Middle Kingdom

2040 BC - 1780 BC

Is sometimes called the Period of Reunification because it followed years of chaos and disunity.Great achievements in literature, art, and architecture. The Middle Kingdom was vary wealthy.

Pharaoh Sehusret

1971 B.C.E - 1926 B.C.E

New Kingdom

1550 BC - 1070 BC

is often called Egypt’s Golden Age. During this time of peace and stability, ancient Egypt’s power reached its height. Pharaohs increased trade and had huge monuments built. The New Kingdom was the period of where the New Kingdom was at the height or power and glory.

The Ghana Empire

1500 BCE - 300 CE

was located in what is now southeastern Mauritania, and Western Mali. Complex societies had existed in the region since about 1500 BCE, and around Ghana's core region since about 300 CE. When Ghana's ruling dynasty began is uncertain, it is first mentioned in documentary sources around 830 CE. The introduction of the camel, which preceded Muslims and Islam by several centuries, brought about a gradual change in trade, and for the first time, the extensive gold, ivory trade, and salt resources of the region could be sent north and east to population centers in North Africa, the Middle East and Europe in exchange for manufactured goods.

Pharaoh Hatshees

1473 B.C.E - 1458 B.C.E

Hatshees was the first female pharaoh and ruled in the New kingdom

Ghana Empire


Ghana was a firmly in control of west Africa, traders always pass through Ghana.

Ghana's Decline

1000 - 1200

Ghana was rich and powerful at the time but in 1200 the Empire collapsed.

the mali empire

1230 - 1600

Mansa Mura's rule

1230 - 1255

Mansa had both political and religious roles in society with this type of role he gain more power.

Mansa Musa's Pilgrimage to Mecca

1300 - 1337

under Mansa Musa's leadership Mali reached the height of it's wealth, power, and fame because of Mansa influence.

Mali Empire

1312 - 1337

Mali took back control in Egypt and grow to a powerful Empire.

Fall of Songhai

1400 - 1591

The charged of trades has completed songhai's to fall and slowly the period of great West African empires came to an end.

Songhai Empire

1400 - 1591

The Songhai Empire was a rival with Mail and soon took over and became a kingdom and they did the something as Mail and Ghana became rich.

Fall of Mali

1431 - 1500

because of Mansa death his son Maghan took over the throne but Maghan was a weak ruler and Mali was brunt down by enemy and Mail was never fully recovered.

Rosetta Stone


The Rosetta Stone is a huge stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics.