Advancements in Medicine 1650-WWI

Events

Marcello Malpighi discovers capillaries

1661

Marcello Malpighi used the microscope to examine the major organs of the body and the brain. He discovered capillaries and contributed to the understanding we have today of the vascular system of the body. He found that capillaries made it so blood could flow back to the heart.

Royal Society expirements successfully with blood transfusion

1665

The Royal Society experimented successfully with blood transfusions. As time went on, however, blood transfusions became dangerous and eventually illegal.

Atony van Leeuwenhoek starts building more refined microscopes

1668

Atony van Leeuwenheuk began building more refined microscopes. He built over 500 microscopes in his lifetime. He is considered the first microbiologist there ever was.

James Lind discovers citrus works to prevent Scurvy

1747

James Lind found that citrus was the best treatment for seamen with scurvy. He didn't necessarily discover that citrus was helpful in treating scurvy, but he did verify citrus to be the most effective treatment of scurvy.

William Smellie publishes " Treatises on the Theory and Practice of Midwifery"

1752

William Smellie gave many lectures and eventually published his refinery of the midwife. He helped transform this ancient idea of "midwifery".

Joseph Priestly discovers nitrous oxide

1772

Joseph Priestly discovered nitrous oxide, commonly known as "laughing gas" today. Nitrous oxide is an analgesic.

William Withering discovers foxglove is the treatment for dropsy

1785

William Withering discovered the active ingredient, foxglove, that streats foxglove. He went on to publish his findings in "The Account of the Foxglove"

William Jenner successfully innoculates smallpox

1796

William Jenner created the vaccination for smallpox. In 1796 he successfully inoculated a woman and her son from smallpox.

Sir Humprhy Davy discovers new elements

1808

Sir Humphry Davy discover the isolation of potassium and sodium as well as calcium, strontium, barium, and magnesium. Today these elements are used in what we call electrolysis.

Laennec invents the stethescope

1819

Laennec invented and built the first stethescope. He discovered that using a tube worked better at hearing the beating of the heart than the common ear-to-chest method.

Horace Wells discovers nitrous oxides analgesic properties

1844

Horace Wells was a dentist who allowed nitrous oxide to be used on him so that he could understand better the effects of the gases. He found them to be a successful way of blocking pain.

Florence Nightingale implements sanitation

1854

Florence Nightingale implemented sanitation during the Crimean War. She saw a dramatic decline of deaths and illnesses due to enforcing and educating on the importance of sanitation in the medical community.

Theodor Boveri and Walter Sutton discover heredity

1902

Theodor Boveri and Walter Sutton discovered that chromosomes bear heredity. They expounded upon the previous genetic experiments of Mendel's laws.

Archibald Garrod finds that genetic defects cause disease

1908

Archibald Garrod found that genetic defects cause inherited disease. He was able to identify the defects in genes in their correlation with serious disease inheritance.

Hermann Muller discovers x-rays cause mutations

1927

Hermann Muller discovered that x-rays can cause genetic mutations. His findings contributed to modern medicine today by helping us understand the effects and dangers of radioactivity.