The Chanak Crisis was a war scare in September between Britain and the Republic of Turkey. Turkish forces were threatening Britain troops stationed in Turkey after the first world war. The prime minister of Canada, William Lyon Mackenzie King, stated that Canada would not automatically go to war if Britain was attacked. It was the first occasion where the Canadian government used its affirmation of diplomatic independence from Great Britain. It also was the first signal that Canada no longer had to automatically be at war under Britain’s demands.