World War 1

Events

Assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand

June 28, 1914

He was Assassinated along with his wife by Prussia statesman Otto van Bismarck. The assassination occured when the archduke went to Sarajevo, Bosnia. This is know as a major spark for the war

Germany Invades France Through Belgium

Aug 3, 1914

Germany moves through Belgium in order to invade France. Known as the start of the war,

Britain Declares War on Germany

August 4, 1914

This is the day Britain declares war with Germany. This involves Britain and its allies in the war.

The War in Africa

August 7, 1914

This was a series of battles and guerrilla action. Spreading from what was German East Africa to parts of areas like Mozambique

The Battle of the Mons

August 23, 1914

This was the first major action of the British Expeditionary Force. The battle was subsequently cause by the Battle of the Frontiers. Allies battled Germany on the French borders.

1st Battle of the Marne

September 5, 1914 - September 12, 1914

The Battle of the Marne is known as a very historical battle. Known to be the first battle of World War 1. The battle was between the Allies and Germany, ultimately resulting in Ally victory

Siege of Tsingtao

October 31, 1914

This was an attack on the German harbor of Tsingtao. The fight was between Japan and the United Kingdom against Germany.

Sinking of the Lusitania

May 7, 1915

Germany waged submarine warfare as it attacked the Lusitania. German U-Boats fired torpedoes ultimately sinking the ship .

Battle of Verdun

February 21, 1916 - December 18, 1916

Known as one of the longest and largest battles of World War 1. The Battle took place on the Western front between the German and French armies.

French Passenger Vessel Sussex was Sunk

March 24, 1916

The Sussex was a French passenger vessel that was sunk by German forces. This ultimately led to the Sussex Pledge which basically sated to not sink ships without warning. German eventually doesn't stay true to this promise

Passing of the National Defense Act

June 3, 1916

This was a federal law that updated the already in place Militia Act of 1903. This was pertaining particularly to the National Guard.

Battle of the Somme

July 1, 1916 - November 18, 1916

This was a battle of the British and French empires against the German Empire. Also known as one of the bloodiest battles of the war. By the end both sides had collectively lost more than 1.5 million men.

Publication of the Zimmerman Note

March 1, 1917

Sent by German foreign secretary, Arthur Zimmerman, this was a proposition to Mexico. The letter suggested a German-Mexican alliance. This was done in the case that the war between Germany and the United states progressed.

Selective Service Act was Passed

May 18, 1917

Authorized the federal government to raise a national army. They did this through a draft in which people enlist

Espionage Act Passed

June 15, 1917

This was a federal law passed shortly after the U.S's entry in the war. It restricted free speech by not allowing anyone to say anything or do anything against America's war efforts.

U.S Troops First Land in France

June 26, 1917

Only 14,000 troops from america first landed in France. However, by May, 1918, over one-million troops were stationed in France.

Bolsheviks Seize Power in Russia

October 26, 1917

Forces of the Bolsheviks overthrew the government. The provisional government came to power as a result in February

Wilson Established 14 Points Program

January 8, 1918

The Fourteen points was a statement of principles for world peace. The 14 point plan would be used in writing peace negotiations to end World War One. On this day, president Wilson outlined his points in a speech.

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

March 3, 1918

The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was between Russia and German. Russia had already withdrawn from the war but the treaty made it official that Russia would not get involved for the duration of the war

Wilson Established the National War Labor Board

April 8, 1918

The National War Labor Board was a federal agency. It was composed of 12 representatives from business and labor

Sedition Act Passed

May 16, 1918

This was a written extension of the Espionage Act of 1917. It was used to cover a broader range of offenses. Speech in particular.

2nd Battle of the Marne

July 15, 1918 - August 6, 1918

This was the last major offensive by Germany on the Western Front. It has this name as i was the second battle of World War One that was fought on the Marne River.

Germany Surrenders

November 11, 1918

With Germany's surrender came the end of World War One. Germany officially surrendered on this date at promptly 6:00 A.M

Treaty of Versailles Signed

June 28, 1919

This was the peace treaty to end the war Between Germany and the Allied powers. It was signed exactly 5 years after the assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand which is thought to be one of the starting points for the war.