Facist Italy

Events

Treaty of London

26 April 1915

a secret pact between the Triple Entente and Italy. Its intent was to gain the alliance of Italy against its former allies, including Germany.

World War 1 (Triple Entante)

May 23 1915 - 28 June 1919

Because of the treaty of London, Italy declares war on the central powers.

The socialists call for a new government

1917

The socialistic party (PSI) demanded a new government because of the huge casualties of the war, poor economy and debt that raised from 16 to 85 million lire making price go up by 400%

Battle of Caporetto

24 October 1917 - 19 November 1917

a huge loss for Italy losing around a half a million men, either they were captured or were missing action.

The red years

1919 - 1920

A two-year period of intense social conflict following the end of World War 1. The revolution leads to the violent actions of the blackshirts and the march on Rome in 1922. This was caused by multiple issues:
-After the war, 2.5 million soldiers were made unemployed
-Economic division between north and south
-Durin g the peace settlement Italy gained close to nothing, no colonies and no and around Dalmatia

Treaty of Versailles

28 June 1919

one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. it is also agreed by many historians to be the definitive end of world war 1.

National emergency declared

22 October 1922

During the march on Rome, the Kingdom of Italy declared a national emergency. Making the current prime minister Salandra resigns.

march on rome

22 October 1922 - 30 October 1922

A march from Naples to Rome lead by Mussolini and his fascist party. It leads to Mussolini becoming prime minister.

Salandra advice the king to make mussolini PM

29 october 1922

Antonio Salandra (21st prime minister of Italy) advises the king to make Mussolini prime minister in fear that the march on Rome would escalate.

Emergency powers

November 16 1922

In case of national emergency, the prime minister can grant himself huge amounts of power in order to restore Italy, called emergency powers. When Mussolini becomes Prime minister after the march on rome, which made the government declare national emergency, he grants himself emergency powers for one year.

Corfu incident

1923

a diplomatic and military crisis between the Kingdom of Greece and the Kingdom of Italy. Leading to the Italian government leaving Corfu

Formation fo the blackshirts

March 23 1923

originally the paramilitary wing of the National Fascist Party and, after 1923, an all-volunteer militia of the Kingdom of Italy.

1924 election

6 April 1924

The fascist party gained 374 seats, people's party gained 39 seats and United socialist party gained 24 seats. voting was rigged, with some ballot boxes being missing or replaced

Matteotti crisis

24 June 1924

-Amerigo Dumini has lead the fascist party for many years before Mussolini gained power but as Mussolini gained power he also lost trust in him, he was arrested.
-Socialist/communist boycott parlament trying to force the king to dismiss mussolini.

Press laws issued

1925

Mussolini (using his emergency powers) issues state press laws, which includes closing all anti-fascist publications and that all journalist in the state needs to resign with the fascist party.

Government replace with facist officials

Aug 1925

Mussolini replaces government officials with fascists and as the press is silenced he is able to do this in complete silence.

opposite party meetings banned

August 3 1925

Mussolini banned all meetings for opposite parties.

All other political parites banned

1926

With too many assassination attempts on his life, Mussolini banned all other political parties and trade unions.

Mussolini assumed the power to rule Italy by decree

January 31 1926

He grants himself the maximum power of Italy, meaning he does not need anyone to pass his legislations.
-the king of Italy now has to gain the approval of Mussolini to fire and hire politicians

fomation of the secret police

1927

a police unit tasked with stopping any anti-Fascist activity or sentiment.

Esablishment of the grand council of facism

9 December 1928

The main body of Mussolini's Fascist government in Italy, which held and applied great power to control the institutions of government.

Election 1929

March 24 1929

Italian fascist party won all 400 seats.

The Great Depression

Oct 28, 1929 - 3 September 1939

A severe worldwide economic depression that took place during the 1930s. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations

wall street crash

28 October 1929

The corporate state is esatblished

1930

The establishment of was for representatives of all levels of the twenty-two key elements of the economy to meet and resolve problems

Italy independent on wheat

1934

Italy has established that it will mass produce wheat as it is one of the easiest crops to grow and in 1934 it is solely dependent on wheat.

World War 2 (Axis)

10 June 1940 - 10 July 1943

World War (Ally)

Jul 11, 1943 - 2 May 1945

The Kingdom of Italy was invaded and forced to fight for the allies.