Constant periods of peace and war, treaties broken and renegotiated, etc.
The first industrial revolution saw a move from small workplaces where products were made by hand to factories where products were made by machines. The machines were powered, at first, by water power and then, later, by coal. The first industrial revolution impacted the clothes industry significantly. With inventions like the spinning jenny and power loom, clothes could be produced much quicker and easier.
First step in industrialization, Made industrialization possible, Greatest fortunes made in railroads (private ownership)
Sig: Expansion and creation of big industries and corporations
Said slaves were the Mudsill that southern society rests upon. This is important because it exemplified the beliefs of southern states at the time and foreshadowed the conflict of the civil war.
government nonintervention allowed corporations to flourish and neglect the rights of their workers. It is also one of the reasons slums and tenements were originally so bad, the government's policy was to not interfere and just let it be
Fought because of Slavery, agrarian vs. urban manufacturing, tariffs/taxes, state's rights. Fundamental difference in culture.
160 acres of land to any man or woman at least 21 years old, as long as they live on it for five years and improve the land.
Western expansion, cattle, mining and farming
a massacre in the Amerindian wars
Sig: There was a disagreement over a renegotiation of Indian land. Colorado left the Indians with 1/13th of their previous territory so they rebelled. Chivington ordered the mass murder of the Cheyenne Indians even though they flew the american flag as a sign of peace and surrendered.
•Black Codes: Initial attempt by white South to maintain white supremacy.
•Reconstruction Acts: Congress voids southern efforts, takes control.
•Radical Reconstruction: Republicans committed to a degree of racial equality in South using Reconstruction.
•Redemption: White supremacy triumphs, (conservative white Democrats re-gain power).
A time of efforts to restructure the political, legal, and economic systems in the states that seceded from the union.
The second industrial revolution began in the late 1800s and continued into the early 1900s. The second industrial revolution was aided by the growth of railroads and the use of electricity. The use of steel was a big part of the second industrial revolution. With the second industrial revolution, it was much easier to move products from region to region. The second industrial revolution spread to more countries beyond Great Britain and the United States. Japan, for example, was involved in the second industrial revolution. It also created more white collar jobs and opened up work to women.
scientific management (Taylorism). An efficient production method that breaks down each task into segments that can be easily taught and accomplished
its main objective was improving economic efficiency, especially labor productivity. It was one of the earliest attempts to apply science to the engineering of processes and to management.
Gave every indian over 21, 80 acres of land and citizenship, gave families 160 acres
Indians had to abide by US laws now and were separated from their tribes. Tribal society was dissolved, as Indians were now single citizens under the American government. Notably, this was done from person to person, instead of the American government to tribal nation states. It was meant to lift Indians out of poverty and assimilate them into society. Seen as a failure as the total amount of Indian owned land decreased from 138 million acres, to 52 million acres.
Fought for farmers and their rights… Omaha Platform
Most successful 3rd party in US History
affected farmers and workers and slashed their already low wages. inadvertently caused the populist movement
At a historian meeting in Chicago, Frederick Jackson Turner argued that having a frontier directly helped form American Democracy and bring out traits like individualism (promoted self-government) and enterprise (promoted work ethic). Believed that the closing of the frontier signified a new chapter in American history where such american characteristics would be lost.
His views aligned with the populist party
black people from the south fled jim crow and filled the need WWII left in industrial north