Gave every indian over 21, 80 acres of land and citizenship, gave families 160 acres
Indians had to abide by US laws now and were separated from their tribes. Tribal society was dissolved, as Indians were now single citizens under the American government. Notably, this was done from person to person, instead of the American government to tribal nation states. It was meant to lift Indians out of poverty and assimilate them into society. Seen as a failure as the total amount of Indian owned land decreased from 138 million acres, to 52 million acres.