World History Timeline (1450-1750)

Events

The Italian Renaissance

1420 - 1600

This era was important because it was the age of technological development. Johann Gutenberg created the Gutenberg printing press. The invention which allowed for mass printings of newspapers and books and gave everyone the same knowledge. Donatello was a sculptor who revolutionized art in Florence. Leonardo da Vinci was a painter, architect, inventor and a scientist. He changed the viewpoint of humanism.

Beginning of portuguese slave trade

1441

Slaves would be kidnapped and traded from Africa and then brought to Europe or the Americas to work. Most slaves went were taken by the Portuguese to Brazil and then made to work in the sugar plantations. This is an event that's important because of the destructive effects it had on the African population and the culture it created in the Americas, especially in Brazil.

Christopher's’ First Voyage

1442

Christophers’ First Voyage was to find a new trading route to Asia. He never found the route he was looking for but instead found America. This then, in turn, lead to the Columbian Exchange and colonization of America. Both events changed the viewpoint of the world showing that the world wasn't flat and there was more to discover.

Early Modern Era

1450 - 1750

This was the time of scientific, mathematic discovery plus the discovery of the Americas.

Ottoman Empire took over Constantinople; End of the Byzantine Empire

1453

Ottoman army stormed Constantinople, Mehmed triumphantly entered the Hagia Sophia, which would become the city’s leading mosque. Emperor Constantine XI died in battle that day.

Columbus Exchange

1492

It was the exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americans and the rest of the world. This event changed both the Old and New World forever making an impact on both cultures.

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

When Spain and Portugal split the world along an imaginary line, Spain couldn't take any land west of this line and Portugal got the land to the east of the line. This event is important to history because it was a rivalry that was resolved without hostilities, through the demarcation of areas of influence by the Catholic Church. The Treaty of Tordesillas successfully arbitrated which lands could be ruled by Spain and which could be ruled by Portugal by creating a boundary.

Vasco de Gama discovers trade route to India

1497 - 1498

Vasco da Gama; was a highly successful Portuguese sailor and explorer during the Age of Exploration. He was on a mission to reach India and open a sea route from Europe to the East.

Indian Ocean Trading Network

1500 - 1641

This was a key part in eastern and western exchanges.

Transatlantic slave trade

1501 - 1800

It was a system in which slaves, crops, and manufactured goods were traded between Africa, the Caribbean, and the American colonies. It is an important event because it opened up new ways of transportation and gaining materials. It also gave way for the spread of culture.
-Triangular Trade

Martin Luther

1517

He soon became convinced that the Catholic Church was opposed to the Bible on the question of justification by grace, through faith, and that no accommodation of his beliefs on this point was possible within the church. Luther concluded that reform of the church had to happen through formation of a new body of Christians. He denied the authority of the pope and many other aspects of Catholic teaching, including the doctrine of transubstantiation.

95 theses

1517

He believed that the Bible is the central religious authority and that humans may reach salvation only by their faith and not by their deeds—was to spark the Protestant Reformation. Although these ideas had been advanced before, Martin Luther codified them at a moment in history ripe for religious reformation. The Catholic Church was ever after divided, and the Protestantism that soon emerged was shaped by Luther’s ideas. This also leads to Protestantism.

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

This event is significant because of Christianity, which is a major world religion. It occurred because people didn't approve of the corruption of the Catholic Church. An example is when Martin Luther wrote a book, criticizing the Catholic Church and since the printing press, it was spread all through Europe. Which caused people to make new branches of Christian churches.

Mughal Empire

1526 - 1857

It is a significant empire at the period because it will come to encompass nearly all of the sub-continent of India and the use of artillery and firearms in its invasions.

The Scientific Revolution

1543 - 1632

Intellectual movement in Europe, initially associated with planetary motion and the aspects of physics, 17th century that laid the groundwork for modern science.
− Aristotle
− Nicholas Copernicus
− Isaac Newton
− Galileo Galileif

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

The Council of Trent was to reduce the response of the Catholic church to the Protestant Reformation. Church officials would have reliable moral standards plus build schools and seminaries to better teach priests.

Begginning of British salve trade in Africa

1562 - 1807

The British economy was completely transformed by the trading of slaves. In different parts for example financial, commercial, legal and insurance institutions.
Also, it gave an increase in the production of manufactured goods.

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Began when Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II of Bohemia attempted to curtail the religious activities of his subjects, sparking rebellion among Protestants. The war came to involve the major powers of Europe, with Sweden, France, Spain and Austria all waging campaigns primarily on German soil

Qing dynasty

1644 - 1912

They had a centralized government with rigorous civil service exams. Positions were given based off of quality and Confucian ideals were becoming very common again. This was an important dynasty because it restored China to its old traditions and flourishing times.

Enlightenment

1700 - 1800

A movement that fostered the belief that one could reform society by discovering rational laws that governed social behavior. This was a significant time because it opened up the idea of scientific thinking and how to better understand the world, plus how math and science affected the world.

− Thomas Hobbes
− John Locke
− Voltaire
− Baron de Montesquieu
− Jean-Jacques Rousseau