First Fleet lands Sydney Cove. The first mass within Australian territory is celebrated after La Perouse arrives at Botany Bay with his chaplain Abbe Mones.
Fr. John Therry and Fr. Philip Conolly are the first official preiest of Australia. In Parramatta, Fr. Therry opens the first Catholic school while he lobbies Governor Macquarie for land on which to build the settlement's first Catholic church
Australia's first census is held and reveals a white population of 36,598 which includes both free settlers and convicts. Among these, 25,248 are Protestants and 11,236 Catholics
1829 Catholics are now allowed to hold a Government Position as the Penal laws preventing it is lifted.
1862 The NSW Government passes a bill to abolish State aid to religion
1866 Mary MacKillop and Fr Julian Tenison Woods found the Sisters of St. Joseph. Daniel Murphy appointed second Archbishop of Hobart A temporary St Mary's Cathedral begins construction until a brandnew cathedral can be built
1909 Death of Mother Mary MacKillop
1914 World War I declared. Figures such as Ben Chiffley and James Scullin rise in the labour party making Catholics more influential.
1929 James Scullin becomes Australia's first Catholic prime minister
1963 Death of Pope John XXIII who is succeeded by Pope Paul VI. The Second Vatican Council commences and appoints Cardinal Gilroy to the Council of Presidency. The Mass changes from Latin to English
1970 Pope Paul VI makes the first-ever Papal visit to Australia
1997 Restoration of the St Mary's Cathedral begins.
2005 Pope John Paul II Has a heart attack and dies. Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger is elected Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI makes his first visit to Australia when the Archdiocese of Sydney hosts World Youth Day. The event was a huge success, it quickly becomes the fastest growing Catholic website worldwide.