Humanities 8 1.3 Timeline: World Civilizations

Events

Muhammad's Vision

610

Muhammad, a prophet had a vision from an angel. He writes it down and creates a religion called, Islam. He became a muslim himself and was called the last messenger of god.

The Vikings Raid

793

The Vikings made their first attack in Lindisferne, England, which helped them by surprising their enimies. This was when the Viking Age began.

Charlemagne becomes Emperor

800

Charlegmagne unifies almost all Christian lands into one empire. He was crowned emperor and even converted his enimies to Christianity.

William Conquered England

1066

William invaded England and conquered it. He became king and brought feudalism to England.

Britain's Growth in Towns

1066 - 1350

Britain's population started to grow very fast. Forests were cleared to make more space and the production of food grew.

The First Crusade

1096 - 1099

Many Muslims, Christians and Jew were killed during this time. The knights and peasants from western Europe traveled to Constantinople then to Jerusalem to kill the Muslims, Christians and Jews.

The Second Crusade

1147 - 1149

The Second Cusade was a major crusade launched from Europe as Catholic against Islam. The Second Crusade was annouced by Pope Eugene III. Many died in this crusade.

Genghis Khan

1162 - 1227

Genghis Khan, a Mongolian leader conquered large pieces of land in central Asia and China. Many people were slaughtered by his invasions. But Genghis Khan granted religious freedom to his subjects, abolished torture, encouraged trade and created the first international postal system. Unfortunately, Genghis Khan died in 1227 during a military campaign.

Tower of Pisa

1173 - 1300

The Leaning Tower of Pisa started construction in the year of 1173. And was finished building by mid-1300s. There were distractions in the middle of the process. Wars and stuff like that. But because of that, it allowed the tower to be more stable in the soil. The tower was a church belltower made in Italy.

Magna Carta

1215

The Magna Carta was signed by the King John of England who was forced. This gave basic rights to the people. But it declared that the King was not above the law.

Gunpowder was Invented

1250

Gunppwder was invented by Chinese chemists. Gunpowder became very useful and this brought a new concept in warefare. Gunpowder is still in use today.

Kublai Khan Became Emperor

1260 - 1294

Kublai Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan became a Mongolian General. He conquered China and became the first Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty. He was a great leader and had lots of power.

The Black Death

1347 - 1351

A deadly plague reached Europe after Asia. This deadly disease killed half the population of Europe. At least 15 million people died. It took over 150 years for Europe's population to recover.

Christopher Columbus discovered America

1492

An Italian explorer, Christopher Columbus discovered the "New World" of the Americas on an expedition.

First African Slaves

1619

Slavery in America began when the first African slaves were brought to the North American colony in 1619. They were brought there to aid in the production of such lucrative crops as tobacco.