Witchery

Events

Renaissance

1400 - 1600

Valais - France/Switzerland

1428 - 1447

-nearly 400 persecuted
-anyone denounced sorcerer by 3+ people was arrested
-burned at stake if they confessed
-tortured until they did confess
-mostly peasants
-unlike later trials, about as many men as women were killed
-accusations: flying thru air, invisible by use of herbs, curing sickness, cannibalism, abducting children, meet with Satan - taught them magic if they renounced christianity

Valais - France/Switzerland

1428 - 1447

-nearly 400 persecuted
-anyone denounced sorcerer by 3+ people was arrested
-burned at stake if they confessed
-tortured until they did confess
-mostly peasants
-unlike later trials, about as many men as women were killed
-accusations: flying thru air, invisible by use of herbs, curing sickness, cannibalism, abducting children, meet with Satan - taught them magic if they renounced christianity

Elanor Cobham - Duchess of Glouster

1441

Pope Innocent VIII - Malleus Maleficarum

1484 - 1492

"Hammer of Witches"
-announces satanists in Germany - meeting with demons, spells to destroy crops, aborting infants

Friar Heinrich Kramer and Friar Jacob Sprenger asked to publish full report on suspected witchcraft

-Over the next 40 years, the Malleus would be reprinted thirteen times and come to help define the crime of witchcraft.

-moles as sign if consort with demons

Val Camonica- Italian Alps

1505 - 1521

-120 + deaths
-strong Pagan area- little christianity
-accusations: injuring people, animals, land with spells, spread plague by magic,

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

decided Protestants and those loyal to the Pope

-greatest executions in Germany

Constitutio Criminalis Carolina

1532

Emperor Charles V - witchcraft affecting holy roman empire

Anne Boleyn executed

May 1536

Witch Craft Act 1

1542

Counter-Reformation by Catholics

1556 AD

Witch Craft Act 2

1563

1st Major Trial in England -Essex

1566

Elizabeth Fraucis

Trier's Johann von Schoneburg- Germany

1581 - 1593

-368 persecuted
-Johann von Schoneburg- great admirer of Jesuits

Trier's Johann von Schoneburg- Germany

1581 - 1593

-368 persecuted
-Johann von Schoneburg- great admirer of Jesuits

England - Witches of Warboys

1589 - 1593

Alice Samuel - persuaded to confess to witchcraft

James VI & Witches of Berwick,Scotland

1590 - 1592

witches had been employed to kill the couple.Agnes Sampson, for instance, confessed that she took the Devil “for her maister and reunceit Christ”

Pappenheimer Family -Germany

1600

Witch bill of 1604- England

1604

influenced by the Warboy trials

Act of James 1

1604

expands punishable offenses related to witchery

Basque -Spain

1609 - 1611

Pendle Witch Trials - England

1612

12 witches accused

10 guilty

Handbook for English judges on pursuing witches

1618

Last English Witch Trial

1717

English Witchcraft Act Repealed -End to Trials

1736