Major Western Philosophers

Pre-Socratic

Thales of Miletos

624 BC - 546 BC

Pre-Socratic

Pythagoras

570 BC - 490 BC

Xenophanes

Approx. 570 BC - Approx. 475 BC

Heraclitus

535 BC - 475 BC

Pre-Socratic

Parmenides of Elea

515 BC - 450 BC

Pre-Socratic

Zeno of Elea

490 BC - 430 BC

Pre-Socratic

Protagoras

490 BC - 420 BC

Pre-Socratic

Gorgias

487 BC - 376 BC

Pre-Socratic

Democritus

460 BC - 370 BC

Pre-Socratic

Socratic

Socrates

470 BC - 399 BC

Socratic

Plato

428 BC - 348 BC

Socratic

Diogenes of Sinope

412 BC - 323 BC

Socratic

Aristotle

384 BCE - 322 BCE

Socratic

Hellenistic

Pyrrho

360 BC - 270 BC

Hellenistic

Epicurus

341 BC - 270 BC

Hellenistic

Zeno of Citium

334 BC - 262 BC

Hellenistic

Philo of Alexandria

20 BC - 50 AD

Hellenistic

Plotinus

205 AD - 270 AD

Hellenistic

Roman

Cicero

106 BC - 43 BC

Roman

Lucretius

99 BC - 55 BC

Epictetus

55 ad - 135 ad

Roman

Marcus Aurelius

121 AD - 180 AD

Roman

St. Augustine of Hippo

354 - 430

Roman

Boethius

480 - 524

Roman

Medieval

Avicenna

980 - 1037

Medieval

St. Anselm

1033 - 1109

Medieval

Maimonides

1135 - 1204

Medieval

Albertus Magnus

1206 - 1280

Medieval

Roger Bacon

1214 - 1294

Medieval

St. Thomas Aquinas

1225 - 1274

Medieval

Renaissance

Erasmus Desiderius

1466 - 1536

Renaissance

Niccolo Machiavelli

1469 - 1527

Renaissance

Sir Thomas More

1478 - 1535

Renaissance

Giordano Bruno

1548 - 1600

Francis Bacon

1561 - 1626

Renaissance

Modern - Age of Reason

Thomas Hobbes

1588 - 1679

Modern, Age of Reason

René Descartes

1596 - 1650

Modern, Age of Reason

Blaise Pascal

1623 - 1662

Modern, Age of Reason

Baruch Spinoza

1632 - 1677

Modern, Age of Reason

John Locke

29 August 1632 - 28 October 1704

Modern, Age of Reason

Nicolas Malebranche

1638 - 1715

Modern, Age of Reason

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

1646 - 1716

Modern, Age of Reason

Modern - Age of Enlightenment

Berkeley

1685 - 1753

Modern, Age of Enlightenment

Voltaire

1694 - 1778

Modern, Age of Enlightenment

David Hume

1711 - 1776

Modern, Age of Enlightenment

Jean-Jacque Rousseau

1712 - 1778

Modern, Age of Enlightenment

Adam Smith

1723 - 1790

Modern, Age of Enlightenment

Immanuel Kant

1724 - 1804

Modern, Age of Enlightenment

Edmund Burke

1729 - 1797

Modern, Age of Enlightenment

Modern

Jeremy Bentham

1749 - 1832

Modern

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

1770 - 1831

Modern

Friedrich Schelling

1775 - 1854

Modern

Arthur Schopenhauer

1788 - 1860

Modern

Auguste Comte

1798 - 1857

Modern

John Stuart Mill

1806 - 1873

Modern

Søren Kierkegaard

1816 - 1855

Modern

Karl Marx

1818 - 1883

Modern

Peirce

1839 - 1914

Modern

Friedrich Nietzsche

1844 - 1900

Modern

Edmund Husserl

1859 - 1938

Modern

Bertrand Russell

1872 - 1970

Modern

George Edward Moore

1873 - 1958

Modern

Martin Heidegger

1889 - 1976

Modern

Ludwig von Wittgenstein

1889 - 1951

Modern

Jean Paul Sartre

1905 - 1980

Modern

Pierre Hadot

1922 - 2010

Michel Foucault

1926 - 1984

Modern