To win the war, a country would need to have a consistent supply of food, soldiers, and munitions, as well as high morale to keep on fighting until victory. The combination of these factors would affect each aspect of the war, including the Home Front. The amount of food supplies a country has effects the health and efficiency of the country; it also effects the effort toward war from the country. Britain relied mainly on her merchant ships to retrieve supplies but with the German breakthrough with her U-boats travelling under the water and firing torpedo’s putting 1 in 4 merchant ships out of action so limiting Britains supplies. Britain thought that they had it bad but there were reports that Germans resolved to eating rats due to the British blockade of her ports. Prices had shot up in Britain hitting the poorer people harder. Food became a luxury and expensive.
To win this war of attrition it was vital that people wanted to continue fighting and win the war so morale played a mammoth part on the rocky road to victory, there were various ways of keeping up spirits. Propaganda played a very important role, as the public did not know completely what was going on. This was because DORA gave the government the right to control the media so people did not discover some of the dark secrets of the war and trench warfare. Instead the newspapers were full of heroic tales and German atrocities. This kept spirits up at home and kept everybody happy so this war of attrition could be won as everyone had a reason to continue trying. As the war went on the nature of the propaganda altered. The government released a film in August 1916 about The Battle of Somme it included some actual footage and scenes of apparently dead or dying soldiers. People were no longer as naïve about what war was like. The film was declared “a masterpiece” and convinced those who saw it that despite the terrible casualties the Battle of Somme was a brave and heroic struggle.
Maybe if Germanys Home Front had been more efficient then it could have led them to victory. Without the help of the Home Front then it is almost certain that Britain would have lost the war. The support from the Home Front meant that Britain could support the Western Front so we could keep on fighting until victory.