Leading Up to the Revolution and Georgia's Reaction


French and Indian War

Approx. 1754 - Approx. 1763

What happened: The French and Indians banded together against the British and colonists
Georgia's Reaction: The royal governors of Georgia guarded the state using various forms of protection, including palisades (Ellis)

The Proclamation of 1763

October 7, 1763

What Happened: The Proclamation of 1763 was the official end to the French and Indian War and relinquished all land west of the Appalachians (under British control) to the indigenous people.
Georgia's Reaction: They continued expanding their southward boundary because they could not expand westward.

Stamp Act Enacted

March 22, 1765

What Happened: The Stamp Act was a tax on all paper goods that mandated all official documents and newspapers, pamphlets, and letters all had to be on a special imported paper (which had a tax). This was the first direct tax on the colonists.
Georgia's Reaction: Georgians protested the tax on goods following suit of the other colonies; by protesting in form of boycotting and petitions

The Stamp Act Congress

October 7, 1765 - October 25, 1765

What Happened: Representatives from 9 of the 13 colonies came together to discuss a viable solution to atrocious taxes and not having representation in Congress
Georgia's Reaction: Georgia, who was excluded from the proceedings, protested against the fact that they were not present at the conference

Townshend Act Enacted

June 29, 1767 - Approx. March, 1770

What Happened: The Townshend Acts taxed goods such as glass, paper, paints, tea, and lead
Georgia's Reaction: Protests, specifically in the form of the Liberty Boys who believed in "no taxation without representation"

Boston Massacre

March 5, 1770

What Happened: A group of protesting colonists began throwing and harassing a group of Red Coats who opened fire in Massachusetts
Georgia's reaction: Georgians were not notably effected by the "massacre"

Tea Act

January 1773 - December 1773

Boston Tea Party

May 16, 1773

What Happened: A group of patriots who went by the name of the Sons of Liberty threw over $1,000,000 worth of tea overboard to protest taxation without representation
Georgia's Reaction: The Liberty Boys grew and the flame of rebellion in Georgia continued to grow

Intolerable Act: Closing of Boston Harbor

March 31, 1774

What Happened: The British closed down one of the largest ports in the colonies, Boston Harbor, and refused to reopen it until the colonists repaid them for all of the tea lost. This resulted in even more colonial outrage
Georgia's Reaction: Georgians protested along with other colonies, and continued to harbor a spark of rebellion

Intolerable Act: All trials held in Britain

May 20, 1774

What Happened: A law was passed in British parliament that all trials of the Royal Governor be held in Great Britain (the mother country)
Georgia's reaction: Georgians were outraged due to the fact loyalists may get special pardon and judging would be biased; they were significantly outraged largely because they had a royal governor (Wright at the time)

Intolerable Act: Culture of Quebec

June 22, 1774

What Happened: The British passed a law to allow the French in Quebec to retain their culture and government
Georgia's Reaction: No reaction

First Continental Congress

September 5,1774 - October 26, 1774

What Happened: A group of representatives from 12 of the 13 colonies met to discuss the Intolerable Acts and how to rebel against the mother country in an orderly fashion
Georgia's reaction: They did not send a representative to the 1st Continental Congress, however they did adopt many provisions that were agreed upon the conference in their absence

2nd Continental Congress

May 10, 1775

What Happened: Representatives from the 13 colonies all met soon after warfare erupted in the colonies to discuss how to proceed
Georgia's Reaction: Georgians sent a representative to the conference

Declaration of Independence

July 1, 1776 - July 8, 1776

What Happened: The founding fathers of America spent 7 days revising and writing the Declaration before finally reading it publicly on July 8, 1776
Georgia's reaction: Georgia agreed with the rest of the colonies, though had doubtful loyalties in the beginning, and joined the 13 colonies in the battle for freedom