50K at this point and from here onwards until 1919 increased by 4 times.
PSI (Socialist Italian Party, Partito Socialista Italiano) disagrees with Italy joining WW1. Increase in nationalist groups. Desire to maintain neutrality, but most want to win against Germany and Autria-Hungary because they wanted to end the reactionary regime influences to optimize the socialism success in Italy.
There is also another one called "Fasci Autonomi d'Azione Rivoluionaria"; believed to be the one he initiated deriving from Angelo's which is this one. Then Mussolini renamed later anyway; after people start to use the term "fascism" and refer to themselves as "fascists". Additional info: he got kicked out from PSI's newpapers business (Avanti!)
Mussolini's failed attempt of public attention-seeking gathering.
The socialist party called for an overthrow of government to create a new one.
At the beginning of the year, there were 250K members, and by the end they had 2.5M members.
Emerged or renamed from the previous two groups (one of which he initiated and another that possibly has begun by Angelo Oliviero Olivetti)
made by Alceste De Ambris and Filippo Tommaso Marinetti published on popolo d'Italia newpaper. Allowed 18 years old (minimum) and women to vote. Advocates stance of the Fascist party (FCI)- different political policies not only on rights to vote.
Balbo stated that he will march on Rome in October. Local actions squads to be organised into a Militaria take control of civil functions central/northern Italy. Emergency declared, the King still had his power, the army does not necessarily belong to Mussolini entirely yet; resulted in limited success.
Salandra, Vice Prime Minister, advised Victor Emmanuel III to appoint Mussolini as Prime Minister because the black-shirts were taking over buildings and others around Rome. He considered it to be too risky opposing the fascists.
He arrived later because he probably doesn't want to get involved with the street violence. He is also appointed to be PM by the King, so.
Emergency Power for 1 year. He did not have control over the parliament yet. He continues with whatever the liberals have been doing. He relies on Stefani the minister of finance to balance the budget. Repressive police force was limited at this point.
Local government was replaced by fascist officials. Mussolini possesses more local control (RAS).
Mussolini gives himself power to issue decrees without parliamentary consent. The King needs his approval to hire or fire ministers. He holds 6 ministers.
OVRA to help repressing political opponents.
He has these throughout the years, but in this year he starts banning all opposing parties. The unions which are the only place left the communists and others meet are outlawed. Special courts are introduced for political offences.