Alternative Titles: Ayasofya, Great Church, Hagia Sofia
· Justinian I
· Byzantine art
Hagia Sophia, Turkish Ayasofya, Latin Sancta Sophia, also called Church of the Holy Wisdom or Church of the Divine Wisdom, cathedral built at Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) in the 6th century ce (532–537) under the direction of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I. By general consensus, it is the most important Byzantine structure and one of the world’s great monuments.
Hagia Sophia, Istanbul.
Richard T. Nowitz/Corbis
The Hagia Sophia combines a longitudinal basilica and a centralized building in a wholly original manner, with a huge 105-foot (32-metre) main dome supported on pendentives and two semidomes, one on either side of the longitudinal axis. The Hagia Sophia was built in the remarkably short time of about six years, being completed in 537 ce. Unusual for the period in which it was built, the names of the building’s architects—Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus—are well known. (credit to: https://www.britannica.com/topic/Hagia-Sophia)