Events to the Revolution

Events

French and Indian War

1756 - 1763

This seven year long battle was caused due to the prolonged altercation between the French, British,the Native Americans, and the Colonists. French and Native American relations had grown over a period of time (1756). For instance, Samuel de Champlain had created a "fateful friendship" with the Huron Tribe. Both groups had a vengeful vendetta between the colonist and Britain, nevertheless, the Europeans came out victorious. Previous of this audacious Revolutionary War, Britain and the colonist were untimely united and defeated the Native Americans and the French during this war. Unfortunately, this war caused Brittan to focus on their independent colonists ( due to Salutary neglect) and foreshadowed future conflicts between these once united Europeans.

Proclamation of 1763

1763

This Proclamation prohibited settlements beyond the Appalachian. It was originally created to seek a compromise between the Native Americans and the British. However many Americans were upset with these new regulations, due the outrageous idea that the Native Americans were receiving colonial land. This sparked future clashes between the British and their daughter America, who was beginning to consider independence.

Sugar Act

1764

Established by George Grenville, the Sugar Act increased payment of tax for the colonists. In addition, it increased the work of importation of sugar. The colonist protested , and the Act ceased to existence.

Stamp Act

1765

Another suffocating Act was formed that caused major protests between the colonists and Grenville. The tax mandated the use of stamped documents that serves as a certification of tax payment. Any legal papers had a tax that the colonist would need to pay. Radical Whigs protested, shouting "No Taxation without Representation". These radical Whigs had separated themselves from British legislatures through this tax. Within that same year the Stamp Act Congress was formed to discuss the grievances that was created by the British Parliament. The colonists are now acting on their own in defense of King George the Third.

Quatering Act

1765

Grenville also established the Quartering Act that simply forced colonists to provide food and money to the British soldiers. King George is suffocating his colonists by establishing his unjust dominance through laws and ridiculous acts.

Boston Massacre

March 5, 1770

Due to the Townshend Acts ( passed in 1767 that caused internal and external tax among the colonists), the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act, and the Quartering act the colonist began to develop a hatred towards their hierarchy, and on March 5, 1770 the colonist began to ridicule and throw snowballs at British soldiers. With the influence of this harsh shouting and agitation a British soldier fired rounds towards the angered mob, creating a massacre in Boston. What had transpired that fueled British hatred in Boston and supported the Revolutionary War.

Boston Tea Party

December 16, 1773

The colonists begin to display their resentment to the British Parliament by vandalism of property. Tea was a know export in the New and Old World. A group of Boston individuals disguised themselves as Native Americans and paraded down to the harbor. They boarded a ship full of 342 chests of tea, and dumped each box overboard, into the Atlantic. An expensive import was dumped over in the Atlantic with millions of individuals watching, encouraging the vigilantes actions. Colonists were now beginning to act against their King and untimely leading to the Revolution.

First Continental Congress

1774

This congress involved twelve colonies ( Georgia willingly exclude) that sent fifty-five trusted sponsors such as Samuel Adams, John Adams, George Washington, and Patrick Henry to discuss the British grievances and the radicals of the colonists. John Adams was the most effect in the persuasion of independence and created a Declaration of Rights, with the assists of the Congress. The Association also blossomed forth due to Congress' influence They began to boycott British goods, no matter what type nonimportation or nonexportation. The first Continental Congress was a colonial legislature that divided itself from the parliament.

The Quebec Act

1774

In addition to the Intolerable Acts, the Quebec Act was formed to create a compromise between the French and the British. It allowed France to freely practice their religion, keep old institutes and customs. This angered Anti-Catholics due to the previous scrimmages between Catholic and Protestants. The colonists had witnessed bloody massacre, Intolerable Acts, and religious audacity from Britain, and in two years an important document would be signed demanding freedom from the Parliament.

The Intolerable Acts

1774

The Intolerable Acts prohibited many of Massachusetts chartered rights such as:
-restrictions on town meetings
-Denial of Jury Trial
- sustaining unrepresentative assemblies
-A new Quartering Act was established, with gave local authorizes the power to live and invade local homes.

Lexington and Concord

April 19, 1775

This was the first battle that sparked the Revolutionary War. The British attempted to seize gunpowder and the rebel leaders, Samuel Adams and john Hancock. Although they killed eight Americans, they were forced to retreat due to the shock that the colonists were prepared for the attack. This was British first attack on the colonists and started the Revolutionary War.

Second Continental Congress

May 10, 1775

This congress involved all thirteen colonies and they only discussed the proceeds to the war. Their mission was to continue battling in hopes that the Parliament and the King would "consent to their mistakes". They raised money and created an unorganized army but still had no desire for independence, ironically.

Battle at Bunker Hill

June 17, 1775

The colonists decided to retaliate and attempted to seize Breed's Hill. The British launched a frontal attack and nearly eradicated colonial troops. They were forced to retreat with a ruthless loss of soldiers and gunpowder. The Olive Branch Petition, attempted to make amends with King George for the rebellious nature of the colonists, However King George did not accept this reconciliation due to the Battle at Bunker Hill and the war continue with a low colonial morale.

The Declaration of Independence

July 4, 1776

Finally, Americans had demanded freedom from their unjust legislature. Thomas Jefferson wrote the majority of this declaration with elegance and force that displayed King George heinous crimes and grievances ( such a tax and ruthless attacks such as Lexington and Concord) and the "innocent" American action. Multiple American idols signed this document such as Thomas Jefferson ,Benjamin Franklin, and John Hancock. This declared a demand for a nation's freedom against their hierarchy who had unjustly taxed them continuously, dealt punishments to radical Boston, and completely undermining the colonist's established customs ( religion and government). The colonists yearned for freedom and the Revolutionary War would offer them their independence in the form of bloodshed.