The Committee of Five was made up of John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert Livingston.
Here is what Adams and Jefferson remember about the writing of the first draft:
Jefferson suggested that Adams write it. "'I will not, replied Adams. 'You shall do it,' persisted Jeffersons. 'Oh no!' 'Why will you not do it? You ought to do it.' 'I will not.' 'Reasons enough.' Adams ticked them off. 'Reason 1st. You are a Virginian and a Virginian ought to be at the head of this business. Reason 2nd. I am obnoxious, suspected, and unpopular; you are very much otherwise. Reason 3rd. You can write ten times better than I can,' (After the Fact, 79).