Federalism Timeline


Dual Federalism Era

1789 - 1901

Era which there was little collaboration between national and state govs

The Marshal Court Era begins

1801 - 1835

John Marshall became Chief Justice- opinions helped lay the basis for American Constitutional Law- established legal authority of supreme court other the states/ other branches of federal government

McCulloch v. Maryland


State of Maryland attempted to impede operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the US by imposing a tax on all notes of banks not chartened in Maryland

Gibbons v. Ogden


Supreme Court of the US held that the power to regulate interstate commerce encompassed the power to regulate navigation

Roger B. Taney Court

1836 - 1864

supported that blacks were inferior, roman-catholic, remembered for Dred Scott decision

Dred Scott v. Sanford


Supreme Court ruled that African Americans, free or slave, weren't American citizens and can't sue in federal court

Thirteenth Amendment


abolished slavery and involuntary servitude

Fourteenth Amendment


Addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws, and was proposed in response to issues related to former slaves following the American Civil War

Fifteenth Amendement


To the US Constitution prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's race

Interstate Commerce Act of 1887


Law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry. Requires that railroad rates be "reasonable and just"

Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890


First federal act that outlawed monopolistic business practices

Plessy v. Ferguson


landmark constitutional law case of the US Supreme Court, upheld state racial segregation

Seventeenth Amendment


established popular election of US Senators by the people

Sixteenth Amendment


Allows congress to levy and income tax without apportioning it among state

Cooperative Federalism Act

1930 - 1970

National, state and local governments interact cooperatively and collectively to solve common problems, rather than making policies separately but more or less equally

The New Deal

1933 - 1938

Series of social liberal programs enacted in the US- included laws passed by congress and executive orders during first term of FDR

LBJ's Great Society Begins and Grants increase

1964 - 1965

Great Society was a set of domestic programs launched by LBJ to eliminate poverty and racial injustice

Ronald Reagan is Elected and calls for "New Federalism"


contest v. Jimmy Carter and John Anderson. Wanted to transfer federal government power to the states

Rehnquist Court

1986 - 2005

Supreme Court under William Rehnquist, more conservative than Burger/ Warren court, promoted new fedralism

9/11/2001/Patriot Act


Uniting and strengthening America by providing appropriate tools required to intercept and obstruct terrorism.

No Child Left Behind


scaled up federal role in holding schools accountable for student outcomes

Roberts Court

2005 - Present

Supreme Court under Chief Justice John G. Roberts, more conservative than Rehnquist Court