-made it easier to spread religion
-books made more efficiently and faster.
1300 - 1600
starts in Italy because
1) urban people exchange ideas
2) classical heritage of Greece and Rome
3) wealthy merchant class
The Hundred Years' War
1353 - 1453
-The war is between England and France for control of French throne
-Stops the Renaissance from spreading
-France conquers England
1368 - 1644
-Chinese rule between Mongol and Manchu control
-1st great ruler was Hongwu
1467 - 1568
-Translates to "the warring period"
-period in Japanese history that included militaristic conflict and confusion.
1494 - 1707
-located on the Indian subcontinent
-first emperor: Babur
1517 - 1648
Starts when Martin Luther writes and posts "The 95 Theses"
Martin Luther is excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church.
1587 - 1589
-a.k.a "The Lost Colony"
-established after Jamestown
-habitants of the colony disappeared and to this day no answers or discoveries have been made to prove what happened. (but there are theories)
1603 - 1867
government like the Ming Dynasty
created by Tokugawa Ieyasu
1607 - 1608
First permanent English settlement in North America.
1644 - 1912
-Machurians conquer China and the Qing Dynasty starts
-last imperial dynasty of China
1700 - 1850
-begins in Britain
-agricultural revolution paves the way
-extensive natural resources needed for Industrialization.
-spurred technological innovation
Battle of Trafalgar
-fought by British against the Spanish and French
-part of the Napoleonic Wars
War of 1812
1812 - 1815
-biggest effect on Industrialization
-Great Britain blockades the U.S.
-this causes the U.S. to develop their own industries
German Confederation Established
1815 - 1816
-created by the Congress of Vienna
-created to replace the former Holy Roman Empire.
The U.S. Mexican War
1846 - 1848
-ends with the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
-U.S. gains a lot of land.
-paid Mexican debts to U.S. citizens
Realpolitik Revolutions Occurs
1848 - 1880
-Realpolitik focus on practical war problem solvers.
-brought to existence by Otto von Bismarck, the unifier of Germany.
1850 - 1857
-British forced Christianity is the cause of the revolt
-Sepoys rebel and capture Delhi
-East India Company regains control of the rebellion.
Shift To Realism In The Arts
1850 - 1860
-period after Romanticism
-Realism showed life as it was
-showed despair and suffering workers
Impressionism Art Movement
1860 - 1880
-begins in the 19th century after the art period of Realism
-acted against Realism
-Their goal was to capture light and to focus on capturing an enjoyable moment in time; to shed a more positive light on society.
The Berlin Conference
1884 - 1885
-establishes rules for colonization of Africa.
Spanish American War
April 1898 - August 1898
-lasts for 4 months
-America defeats Spain to win Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Phillippines
Small Events during Big Events
Movable type invented
-invented by Bi Sheng
-made of Chinese porcelain
-influenced the printing press
One of the 7 massive voyages start
Yonglo is the head of the voyages
Gutenberg invents the Printing Press
Connected to the Renaissance: Printing press helped to spread Renaissance ideas. Printing press made it possible to produce books quickly and cheaply.
Attack on Constantinople launched
launched by Mehmed ll.
Colombus's fleet reaches the "New World"
Cabral reaches Brazil and claims it for Portugal
Amerigo Vespucci travels to the "New World"
Martin Luther writes and posts "The 95 Theses"
Luther is excommunicated by the Pope. This event is the start of The Reformation led by Martin Luther against the Church.
Cortes lands in Mexico
Magellan tries to sail around the world
Pope Leo X threatens Martin Luther with Excommunication
excommunicate- officially exclude (someone) from participation in the sacraments and services of the Catholic Church. Martin Luther posting "The 95 Theses" causes this.
Francisco Vásquez de Coronado leads an expedition
Expedition goes through present-day Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas.
Searching for wealthy empire to conquer.
Spanish government abolishes the encomienda system
Renaissance spreads to England
known as the Elizabethan Age
Starry Messenger by Galileo is published
Japan shifts to policy of isolation
-wanted to keep Japanese tradition by closing its ports
-logic: higher price on items sold from only one place
Mercury barometer created
Rebellion against the Spanish led by Popé
Seed Drill Invented
-invented by Jethro Tull
-leads to other great inventions during the Industrial Reolution
Battle of Plassey
-East India Company against Indian forces
-East India Company led by Robert Clive
National Assembly creates new Constitution
Slave rebellion led by Toussaint L'Ouverture
Napoleon convinves BAR to sign a peace treaty
Napoleon surrenders and is exiled to Elba
-after the Battle of Leipzig defeat
-leads to Napoleon's surrender to Capt. Frederick
Factory Act passed
-restricted working age and hours
-seen as a positive effect
Mexico’s independence from Spain declared
Liverpool to Manchester Railroad Completed
-railroads spurred Industrial growth
-created hundreds of jobs/ encouraged jobs in the city
-boosted England's agriculture and fishing industries
-made travel easier
Serbia gains self rule
-Ottoman Empire is seen as weak
-leads to the downfall of Ottoman Empire before WW1
European powers invade the Pacific Rim
-Dutch expand control
-created a rigid class system with the Dutch on top.
-farmers forced to plant cash crops, leads to famine
U.S declares war on Mexico
-Mexico and U.S. have dispute over Texas border
-land area called "The Nueces Strip"
-both Mexico and U.S. enter the area
Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte crowns himself as emperor
-He built railroads
Russia's feudal system ends
January 1, 1863
-issued by Lincoln
-freed slaves, but not really
Formation of the Triple Alliance
-Germany first allies with Austria-Hungary
-Italy is added to the alliance
McKinley Tariff Act
-eliminated all tariffs on sugar
-undercuts Hawaii's sugar profits
-leads to the annexation of Hawaii by the U.S.
-gave the U.S. the right to be "an international police power" in the Western Hemisphere
Formation of the Triple Entente
-alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia.
-Wilhelm ll wanting to rival Great Britain's navy causes the formation of the Triple Entente.
Standing military tactic introduced
-included all major countries, with the exception of Great Britain
-experts believed standing military that could be mobilized quickly was key
Two sides have emerged
-2 sides: Triple Entente and Triple Alliance
-24 million troops in Triple Alliance and 40 million troops in Triple Entente
-Great War begins between two alliances