Religious wars between the Christians and Muslims
-made it easier to spread religion
-books made more efficiently and faster.
starts in Italy because
1) urban people exchange ideas
2) classical heritage of Greece and Rome
3) wealthy merchant class
-The war is between England and France for control of French throne
-Stops the Renaissance from spreading
-France conquers England
-Chinese rule between Mongol and Manchu control
-1st great ruler was Hongwu
-Translates to "the warring period"
-period in Japanese history that included militaristic conflict and confusion.
-located on the Indian subcontinent
-first emperor: Babur
Starts when Martin Luther writes and posts "The 95 Theses"
Martin Luther is excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church.
-a.k.a "The Lost Colony"
-established after Jamestown
-habitants of the colony disappeared and to this day no answers or discoveries have been made to prove what happened. (but there are theories)
government like the Ming Dynasty
created by Tokugawa Ieyasu
First permanent English settlement in North America.
-Machurians conquer China and the Qing Dynasty starts
-last imperial dynasty of China
-begins in Britain
-agricultural revolution paves the way
-extensive natural resources needed for Industrialization.
-fought by British against the Spanish and French
-part of the Napoleonic Wars
-biggest effect on Industrialization
-Great Britain blockades the U.S.
-this causes the U.S. to develop their own industries
-created by the Congress of Vienna
-created to replace the former Holy Roman Empire.
-ends with the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
-U.S. gains a lot of land.
-paid Mexican debts to U.S. citizens
-Realpolitik focus on practical war problem solvers.
-brought to existence by Otto von Bismarck, the unifier of Germany.
-period after Romanticism
-Realism showed life as it was
-showed despair and suffering workers
-British forced Christianity is the cause of the revolt
-Sepoys rebel and capture Delhi
-East India Company regains control of the rebellion.
-begins in the 19th century after the art period of Realism
-acted against Realism
-Their goal was to capture light and to focus on capturing an enjoyable moment in time; to shed a more positive light on society.
-establishes rules for colonization of Africa.
-lasts for 4 months
-America defeats Spain to win Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Phillippines
-invented by Bi Sheng
-made of Chinese porcelain
-influenced the printing press
Yonglo is the head of the voyages
Connected to the Renaissance: Printing press helped to spread Renaissance ideas. Printing press made it possible to produce books quickly and cheaply.
launched by Mehmed ll.
Luther is excommunicated by the Pope. This event is the start of The Reformation led by Martin Luther against the Church.
excommunicate- officially exclude (someone) from participation in the sacraments and services of the Catholic Church. Martin Luther posting "The 95 Theses" causes this.
Expedition goes through present-day Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas.
Searching for wealthy empire to conquer.
known as the Elizabethan Age
-wanted to keep Japanese tradition by closing its ports
-logic: higher price on items sold from only one place
-invented by Jethro Tull
-leads to other great inventions during the Industrial Reolution
-East India Company against Indian forces
-East India Company led by Robert Clive
-after the Battle of Leipzig defeat
-leads to Napoleon's surrender to Capt. Frederick
-restricted working age and hours
-seen as a positive effect
-railroads spurred Industrial growth
-created hundreds of jobs/ encouraged jobs in the city
-boosted England's agriculture and fishing industries
-made travel easier
-Ottoman Empire is seen as weak
-leads to the downfall of Ottoman Empire before WW1
-Dutch expand control
-created a rigid class system with the Dutch on top.
-farmers forced to plant cash crops, leads to famine
-Mexico and U.S. have dispute over Texas border
-land area called "The Nueces Strip"
-both Mexico and U.S. enter the area
-He built railroads
-issued by Lincoln
-freed slaves, but not really
-Germany first allies with Austria-Hungary
-Italy is added to the alliance
-eliminated all tariffs on sugar
-undercuts Hawaii's sugar profits
-leads to the annexation of Hawaii by the U.S.
-gave the U.S. the right to be "an international police power" in the Western Hemisphere
-alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia.
-Wilhelm ll wanting to rival Great Britain's navy causes the formation of the Triple Entente.
-2 sides: Triple Entente and Triple Alliance
-24 million troops in Triple Alliance and 40 million troops in Triple Entente
-Great War begins between two alliances
-included all major countries, with the exception of Great Britain
-experts believed standing military that could be mobilized quickly was key