Religious war between Christian and Muslims. Causes cultural diffusion.
One of the most powerful states in the world during the 15th and 16th century, the Ottoman Empire proved to be a dominant force until reaching its decline in power in 1914.
Happens because :
2.)Wealthy Merchant Class
3.)Culture from Greece and Rome
No one wins
Stops the Renaissance from spreading.
Hongwu, the first leader of the Mughal Empire, lead an army against the Mongols to start the Ming Dynasty. Hongwu goes on to reform China.
1.) Restores/ Returns agricultural lands
2,)Erase Mongol past
3.) Promotes China
He would also restore China to Confucian beliefs, but would soon become a tyrant.
Considered the warring period/Right after the Japanese Civil War. Tokugawa unifies all of Japan./ Creates Tokugawa Shogunate that lasted until 1867
The study of the natural world began to be characterized by observations and questioning of accepted beliefs.
Martin Luther- Writes and post the 95 Theses
last great Ottoman Sultan.During his reign the Ottoman Empire reached its greatest size. He was a superb military leader.
Starting with Babur, the first leader of the Mughal Empire, the Mughal Empire started with a great leader but went to dump with the following heirs. The last ruler, Aurangzeb, expanded empire to its greatest size but the empire would crumble from within.
Daughter of King Henry VIII. This is marked by the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. This period is often depicted as the golden age in English history.
The ruling family in Russia that included Peter the Great and Catherine the Great. They helped expand the empire further east.
When Charles I became king of England and Scotland, he asked Parliament for money. Parliament then preceded to ask King Charles to sign the Petition of Rights. In 1637, King Charles tries to impose England's religion on Scotland. Scotland rebels and march to England's border. Civil War: England vs Parliament
During the Qing Dynasty, China reaches its largest size under the rule of Qian-Long.
European states fought to prevent Bourbon family from controlling Spain as well as France.
A major conflict before the French Revolution that involved all major power in Europe.
Beginning in Britain, The Industrial Revolution would happen because of large population of workers and the Extensive Natural Resources. The Industrial Revolution would see improvements in Transportation, and would create a ton of jobs.
United States gains independence from Britain
Poetry, Music, and Paintings were considered to be the most influential art because they could best capture the ideas of Romanticism.
Series of wars between Napoleonic France and alliances of other European powers. Caused Europe to industrialize slowly
Asked for the end of Spanish rule in Mexico. Led by Miguel Hidalgo and Costilla, a catholic priest.
Goal: Weaken France
Ensured that there would never be another Napoleon by surrounding France with powerful countries.
Also known as the Greek Revolution, the Greek's threw a successful war of independence against the Ottomans. The Greeks were later aided by Great Britain, Russia, Kingdom of France, and other European powers.
The Opium War was a conflict between Britain and China, over Britain opium trade in China
In 1850, Samyra controlled most of India. British were trying to force Christianity on the Sepoys. There was constant racism from the British targeted to the Sepoys. The Sepoys rebelled and captured Delhi
Czar Nicholas I wanted to expand his country, fought against the Ottoman Empire in the Crimean War. Tried to take warm water port
Main Goal: To reunify the North and the South
An alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. This alliance is important because Austria-Hungary would be the first to declare war followed by its allies to start World War I.
Establishes rules for colonizing Africa.
The war resulted in British defeat and the second independence for the South African Republic.
The Panama Canal is an international waterway that links the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The Panama Canal was built to shorten the distance that ships had to travel between the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean.
Starts as Austria declares war on Serbia. Then Germany declares war on Russia & France. Finally, Great Britain declares war on Germany.
Takes control of the Ming Dynasty. started the 7 voyages and assigns Zheng he as the admiral.
Happens during the reign of Yonglo and as a result China doesn't industrialize
Constantinople later becomes Istanbul and Mehmed II opens it up to other religions.
The Gutenberg Bible was the first major book printed using mass-produced movable metal type in Europe. It marked the start of the "Gutenberg Revolution" and the age of the printed book in the West.
Columbus believes he's in the East Indies and that's why he called the inhabitants Indians. He actually landed on an island in the Bahamas.
This treaty divided the countries of Spain and Portugal and established a border line between the two.
Amerigo Vespucci was one of the first to realize that the New World was not Asia.
Balboa was a Spanish explorer, governor, and conquistador who became the first European to see the Pacific Ocean
Lands in Mexico with 600 men/ Interested in Gold & Silver
1.)Weaponry & Armor
After being conquered, Belgrade would become an important military base for further operations in Europe
w/ 200 soldiers. Kills Peruvian leader after receiving ransom
Temporary settlement within the Holy Roman Empire of the religious conflict arising from the Reformation
Theory: My theory for the lost colony of Roanoke is that after a disease spread a lot of people went to the Native Americans to get help. The natives cured some people so everyone went to the native Americans. The Natives moved inland to the New World so the colonist followed them. The reason why there are still clothes hanging,etc. is because the natives didn't want to catch the disease.
Founded in 1600, the British East India Company led by Robert Clive in 1757 kept its rule for the next 100 years after their victory at the Battle of Plassey.
First permanent English settlement in North America. Fails
With the invention of the Steam Engine transportation by ship would become faster.
This invention during the Industrial Revolution would speed up transportation and trading.
A pledge made by France's National Assembly which they vowed to continue meeting until they had drawn up a new constitution.
100,00 slaves led by Toussaint L'Overture rise up against French Oppresion
The Assembly wanted war because they thought it would unify the country and they wanted to spread ideas of the Revolution to all of Europe.
This Invention by Eli Whitney would speed up the process of removing seeds from Cotton. This invention would call for a higher demand of slaves.
The Austrian defeat was sealed by the Treaty of Lunéville early the following year, further compelling the British to sign the Treaty of Amiens with France.
Napoleon's trip to Egypt was to defend French trade interests, weaken Britain's access to British India, and to establish scientific enterprise in the region.
Land deal between the United States and France that granted the United States 827,000 square miles west of the Mississippi River.
Established the Republic of Venezuela. Not long after gaining independence Venezuela had a civil war between those who supported the juntas and those who waned to maintain a union with Spain.
Known to Russia as the Patriotic War of 1812. By marching into Russia, France wanted to engage and defeat the Russian army.
This Act exerted little control over child labor, but children still did dangerous work in the factory.
Creoles made idea so that after Pedro dies a Brazilian would be in office.
As a result of a successful war of independence, Greece gains independence from the Ottoman Empire
This potato famine was the worst to occur in Europe in the 19th Century. Ireland had to trade with other countries like the United States for corn for example.
Starts after 1848 Revolution
This displayed his rejection of the authority of Pontiff, This showed power and his goal was to show the people his power.
Treaty between Japan and the United States opening up 2 Japanese ports to US trade.
The Suez canal is considered to be the shortest link between the east and the west due to its unique geographic location; it is an important international navigation canal linking between the Mediterranean sea at Port said and the red sea at Suez.
Emperor of Russia until assassinated. He was also the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Finland.
Also named the Seven Week's War, the Austrian-Prussian War displayed Prussian dominance. This also paralleled the Third-Independence War of Italian unification.
The Eiffel Tower was completed in Paris in 1889.
Eliminated all tariffs/ Undercuts Hawaii's sugar profits and made the Republic suffer.
Wilhelm didn't want to share power
In Hawaii, the planters staged an uprising to overthrow the Queen.They appealed US armed forces for protection. Without approval from the president , marines stormed the islands.The Queen was forced to resign .
The United states wins the war under the lead of Teddy Roosevelt.
This is important because this would ignite the start of World War I.
The first African-American president in US history, Barack Obama became the 44th president of the United States,