World History Timeline

Time Spans

The Crusades

1097 - 1270

Religious war between Christian and Muslims. Causes cultural diffusion.

Ottoman Empire

1299 - 1923

One of the most powerful states in the world during the 15th and 16th century, the Ottoman Empire proved to be a dominant force until reaching its decline in power in 1914.

Japan Civil War

1300 - 1467

No one wins

Renaissance

1300 - 1600

Happens because :
1.)Thriving cities
2.)Wealthy Merchant Class
3.)Culture from Greece and Rome

The 100 Years War

1353 - 1453

Stops the Renaissance from spreading.

Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

Hongwu, the first leader of the Mughal Empire, lead an army against the Mongols to start the Ming Dynasty. Hongwu goes on to reform China.
1.) Restores/ Returns agricultural lands
2,)Erase Mongol past
3.) Promotes China
He would also restore China to Confucian beliefs, but would soon become a tyrant.

Sengoku

1467 - 1568

Considered the warring period/Right after the Japanese Civil War. Tokugawa unifies all of Japan./ Creates Tokugawa Shogunate that lasted until 1867

Scientific Revolution

1500 - 1700

The study of the natural world began to be characterized by observations and questioning of accepted beliefs.

Reformation

1517 - 1648

Four parts:
1.) Religiousconomic
2.)Social
3.) Economic
4.)Political
Martin Luther- Writes and post the 95 Theses

Suleyman the Lawgiver

1520 - 1566

last great Ottoman Sultan.During his reign the Ottoman Empire reached its greatest size. He was a superb military leader.

Mughal Empire

1526 - 1707

Starting with Babur, the first leader of the Mughal Empire, the Mughal Empire started with a great leader but went to dump with the following heirs. The last ruler, Aurangzeb, expanded empire to its greatest size but the empire would crumble from within.

Elizabethan Era

1558 - 1603

Daughter of King Henry VIII. This is marked by the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. This period is often depicted as the golden age in English history.

Romanov Dynasty

1613 - 1917

The ruling family in Russia that included Peter the Great and Catherine the Great. They helped expand the empire further east.

English Civil War

1642 - 1649

When Charles I became king of England and Scotland, he asked Parliament for money. Parliament then preceded to ask King Charles to sign the Petition of Rights. In 1637, King Charles tries to impose England's religion on Scotland. Scotland rebels and march to England's border. Civil War: England vs Parliament

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1912

During the Qing Dynasty, China reaches its largest size under the rule of Qian-Long.

War of Spanish Succession

1702 - 1713

European states fought to prevent Bourbon family from controlling Spain as well as France.

Seven Years War

1756 - 1763

A major conflict before the French Revolution that involved all major power in Europe.

The Industrial Revolution

1760 - 1840

Beginning in Britain, The Industrial Revolution would happen because of large population of workers and the Extensive Natural Resources. The Industrial Revolution would see improvements in Transportation, and would create a ton of jobs.

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

United States gains independence from Britain

Napoleon

1799 - 1815

Romanticism

1800 - 1850

Poetry, Music, and Paintings were considered to be the most influential art because they could best capture the ideas of Romanticism.

Napoleonic Wars

1803 - 1815

Series of wars between Napoleonic France and alliances of other European powers. Caused Europe to industrialize slowly

Mexican War of Independence

1810 - 1821

Asked for the end of Spanish rule in Mexico. Led by Miguel Hidalgo and Costilla, a catholic priest.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

Congress of Vienna

1814 - 1815

Ensured that there would never be another Napoleon by surrounding France with powerful countries.

European Countries meet in Vienna

1814 - 1815

Goal: Weaken France

Greek War of Independence

1821 - 1829

Also known as the Greek Revolution, the Greek's threw a successful war of independence against the Ottomans. The Greeks were later aided by Great Britain, Russia, Kingdom of France, and other European powers.

Opium War

1839 - 1842

The Opium War was a conflict between Britain and China, over Britain opium trade in China

Realism

1850 - 1900

The Sepoy Mutiny

1850 - 1857

In 1850, Samyra controlled most of India. British were trying to force Christianity on the Sepoys. There was constant racism from the British targeted to the Sepoys. The Sepoys rebelled and captured Delhi

Crimean War

1853 - 1856

Czar Nicholas I wanted to expand his country, fought against the Ottoman Empire in the Crimean War. Tried to take warm water port

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Main Goal: To reunify the North and the South

Austro-Hungarian Empire

1867 - 1918

Triple Alliance

1882 - 1915

An alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. This alliance is important because Austria-Hungary would be the first to declare war followed by its allies to start World War I.

Berlin Conference

1884 - 1885

Establishes rules for colonizing Africa.

Boer War

1899 - 1902

The war resulted in British defeat and the second independence for the South African Republic.

Panama Canal

1904 - 1914

The Panama Canal is an international waterway that links the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The Panama Canal was built to shorten the distance that ships had to travel between the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean.

World War I

1914 - 1918

Starts as Austria declares war on Serbia. Then Germany declares war on Russia & France. Finally, Great Britain declares war on Germany.

World War II

1939 - 1945

Barack Obama's Presidency

2008 - 2016

Events

Yonglo takes control

1398

Takes control of the Ming Dynasty. started the 7 voyages and assigns Zheng he as the admiral.

China returns to isolation

1433

Happens during the reign of Yonglo and as a result China doesn't industrialize

Ottomans Conquer Constantinople

1453

Constantinople later becomes Istanbul and Mehmed II opens it up to other religions.

Gutenberg Bible printed in Mainz

1455

The Gutenberg Bible was the first major book printed using mass-produced movable metal type in Europe. It marked the start of the "Gutenberg Revolution" and the age of the printed book in the West.

Columbus fleet reaches the New World

1492

Columbus believes he's in the East Indies and that's why he called the inhabitants Indians. He actually landed on an island in the Bahamas.

Spain and Portugal sign Treaty of Tordesillias

1494

This treaty divided the countries of Spain and Portugal and established a border line between the two.

Amerigo Vespucci realizes New World is not Asia

1501

Amerigo Vespucci was one of the first to realize that the New World was not Asia.

Balboa becomes first European to see Pacific Ocean

1513

Balboa was a Spanish explorer, governor, and conquistador who became the first European to see the Pacific Ocean

Cortez lands in Mexico(Aztecs)

1519

Lands in Mexico with 600 men/ Interested in Gold & Silver

Suleyman the Lawgiver conquers Belgrade

1521

After being conquered, Belgrade would become an important military base for further operations in Europe

Cortez defeats the Aztecs

1521

1.)Weaponry & Armor
2.)Natives Help
3.)Disease

Pizzaro enters Peru

1532

w/ 200 soldiers. Kills Peruvian leader after receiving ransom

Peace of Augsburg

1555

Temporary settlement within the Holy Roman Empire of the religious conflict arising from the Reformation

Roanoke

1587

Theory: My theory for the lost colony of Roanoke is that after a disease spread a lot of people went to the Native Americans to get help. The natives cured some people so everyone went to the native Americans. The Natives moved inland to the New World so the colonist followed them. The reason why there are still clothes hanging,etc. is because the natives didn't want to catch the disease.

British East India Company

1600

Founded in 1600, the British East India Company led by Robert Clive in 1757 kept its rule for the next 100 years after their victory at the Battle of Plassey.

Jamestown

1607

First permanent English settlement in North America. Fails

King Charles I asks Parliament for money

1628

Steam Engine

1765

With the invention of the Steam Engine transportation by ship would become faster.

Steam Engine

1769

This invention during the Industrial Revolution would speed up transportation and trading.

Tennis Court Oath

1789

A pledge made by France's National Assembly which they vowed to continue meeting until they had drawn up a new constitution.

Rise up against French Oppression

1791

100,00 slaves led by Toussaint L'Overture rise up against French Oppresion

Legislative Assembly declares war on Prussia and Austria

1792

The Assembly wanted war because they thought it would unify the country and they wanted to spread ideas of the Revolution to all of Europe.

Cotton Gin

1793

This Invention by Eli Whitney would speed up the process of removing seeds from Cotton. This invention would call for a higher demand of slaves.

Napoleon sent to defend France against Austria

1796

The Austrian defeat was sealed by the Treaty of Lunéville early the following year, further compelling the British to sign the Treaty of Amiens with France.

Napoleon returns from Egypt

1799

Napoleon's trip to Egypt was to defend French trade interests, weaken Britain's access to British India, and to establish scientific enterprise in the region.

Louisiana Purchase

1803

Land deal between the United States and France that granted the United States 827,000 square miles west of the Mississippi River.

Venezuela declares independence from Spain

1811

Established the Republic of Venezuela. Not long after gaining independence Venezuela had a civil war between those who supported the juntas and those who waned to maintain a union with Spain.

Napoleon's Grand Army marches into Russia

1812

Known to Russia as the Patriotic War of 1812. By marching into Russia, France wanted to engage and defeat the Russian army.

Battle of Waterloo

1814

Factory Act

1819

This Act exerted little control over child labor, but children still did dangerous work in the factory.

Brazil becomes an independent country

1822

Creoles made idea so that after Pedro dies a Brazilian would be in office.

British, French, and Russian fleet defeat Ottomans

1827

Britain, France, and Russia signs treaty guaranteeing Greek Independence

1829

King Charles X tries to return France to an absolute monarchy

1830

Greece gains independence from Ottoman Empire

1830

As a result of a successful war of independence, Greece gains independence from the Ottoman Empire

King Charles of France tries to return France to an absolute monarchy

1830

Ireland famine

1845

This potato famine was the worst to occur in Europe in the 19th Century. Ireland had to trade with other countries like the United States for corn for example.

Realism begins

1850

Starts after 1848 Revolution

Louis Napoleon crowns himself Emperor

1852

This displayed his rejection of the authority of Pontiff, This showed power and his goal was to show the people his power.

Treaty of Kanagawa

1854

Treaty between Japan and the United States opening up 2 Japanese ports to US trade.

Suez Canal

1869

The Suez canal is considered to be the shortest link between the east and the west due to its unique geographic location; it is an important international navigation canal linking between the Mediterranean sea at Port said and the red sea at Suez.

Alexander II assasinated

1881

Emperor of Russia until assassinated. He was also the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Finland.

Prussia defeats Austria in Austrian-Prussian War

1886

Also named the Seven Week's War, the Austrian-Prussian War displayed Prussian dominance. This also paralleled the Third-Independence War of Italian unification.

Eiffel Tower

1889

The Eiffel Tower was completed in Paris in 1889.

Wihelm forces Bismark to resign

1890

Wilhelm didn't want to share power

McKinley Tariff

1890

Eliminated all tariffs/ Undercuts Hawaii's sugar profits and made the Republic suffer.

Spanish American War

1898

The United states wins the war under the lead of Teddy Roosevelt.

United States annexes Hawaii

1898

In Hawaii, the planters staged an uprising to overthrow the Queen.They appealed US armed forces for protection. Without approval from the president , marines stormed the islands.The Queen was forced to resign .

Archduke Franz Ferdinand Assassinated

June 28, 1914

This is important because this would ignite the start of World War I.

Barack Obama Elected

2008

The first African-American president in US history, Barack Obama became the 44th president of the United States,