Oswald Theodore Avery was born on October 21, 1877 in Halifax, Nova Scotia in Canada to Joseph Francis Avery and Elizabeth Crowdy.
Family moved to USA
Avery's family moved to New York City so his father could take the position of pastor of Mariner’s Temple Baptist.
Avery's brother and father die
His brother Ernest died caused by a disease called tuberculosis and his father died due to kidney disease.
Earning his diploma from the New York Male Grammar School, Avery went to the Colgate Academy and then Colgate University.
Avery graduates Colgate
He graduated with a bachelor’s degree in humanities in June 1900, at age 22.
Avery takes Medicine in University
Avery entered medical school at Columbia University in New York.
Avery graduates Medicine
In 1904, Avery graduated and moved into general medical practice at age 26.
Avery became a microbiologist
He decided to become a microbiologist due to many of his patients being sick and having incurable diseases.
Avery starts doing research on bacteria and cells
Avery became assistant director of the Hoagland Laboratory in Brooklyn, New York. There, in addition to teaching students, he trained in modern chemical and bacteriological methods.
Avery becomes a bateriologist
became a bacteriologist at the Rockefeller Institute after Rufus Cole, director of the Rockefeller Institute in Manhattan saw the papers about Avery's experiments.
Avery went to WWI
1917 - 1918
Avery was enlisted as a private because he was not a citizen. Then, because he was on active duty in wartime, he was naturalized as an American citizen. In 1918, he was promoted to Medical Corps Captain.
Macleod joins Avery during his experiments.
Avery was joined by a new young researcher, Colin MacLeod.
Macleod decides to leave and MacCarty decides to join Avery
During this time MacLeod decided to leave the project. After MacLeod, Maclyn McCarty, a 30-year-old postdoctoral fellow from Indiana, joined the project
Avery and McCarty find the answer!
The scientists removed all other parts of the cell to leave just the transforming substance. McCarty established by chemical testing that the substance could only be DNA. Avery noted that DNA had not even been found in these bacteria before. Avery, MacLeod, and McCarty submitted their work to the Journal of Experimental Medicine.
Avery won an award
the British Royal Society awarded Avery the Copley Medal.
Avery wins another award
Avery received America’s major prize in medicine, the Lasker Award.
Avery moved to Nashville, Tennessee to be close to the home of his younger brother Roy.
Oswald Avery dies
February 20, 1955
Oswald Theodore Avery died of liver cancer in Nashville at age 78.